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The electrophysiological properties of Müller cells, the principal glial cells of the retina, are determined by several types of K(+) conductances. Both the absolute and the relative activities of the individual types of K(+) channels undergo important changes in the course of ontogenetic development and during gliosis. Although immature Müller cells(More)
We compared the inward K+ currents of Müller glial cells from healthy and pathologically changed human retinas. To this purpose, the whole-cell voltage-clamp technique was performed on noncultured Müller cells acutely isolated from human retinas. Cells originated from retinas of four healthy organ donors and of 24 patients suffering from different(More)
PURPOSE To determine the electrophysiological properties of Müller (glial) cells from experimentally detached rabbit retinas. METHODS A stable local retinal detachment was induced by subretinal injection of a sodium hyaluronate solution. Müller cells were acutely dissociated and studied by the whole-cell voltage-clamp technique. RESULTS The cell(More)
ATP has been shown to be an important extracellular signaling molecule. There are two subgroups of receptors for ATP (and other purines and pyrimidines): the ionotropic P2X and the G-protein-coupled P2Y receptors. Different subtypes of these receptors have been identified by molecular biology, but little is known about their functional properties in the(More)
Retinal detachment remains one of the most frequent causes of visual impairment in humans, even after ophthalmoscopically successful retinal reattachment. This study was aimed at monitoring (ultra-) structural alterations of retinae of rabbits after experimental detachment. A surgical procedure was used to produce local retinal detachments in rabbit eyes(More)
Müller cells, the main macroglial cells of the retina, express several types of voltage and ligand-activated ion channels, including Na+ channels. Using the whole-cell voltage-clamp technique, we studied the expression of Na+ currents in acutely isolated, non-cultivated human Müller cells from retinas of healthy organ donors and patients suffering from(More)
Müller cells from 22 mammalian species were subjected to morphological and electrophysiological studies. In the 'midperiphery' of retinae immunocytochemically labeled for vimentin, estimates of Müller cell densities per unit retinal surface area, and of neuron-to-(Müller) glia indices were performed. Müller cell densities were strikingly similar among the(More)
Enzymatically isolated, noncultured Müller glial cells from human organ donor and patient eyes were studied using the whole-cell-voltage-clamp and the patch-clamp technique. The patients suffered mainly from choroidal melanomas, retinal detachment due to proliferative vitreorentinopathy, glaucomas, and perforating eye injuries. The organ donor eyes were(More)
The modulating effects of varying extracellular concentrations of Ca2+ ([Ca2+]e) and of other divalent cations on the fast transient (A-type) K+ current (I(A)) of freshly isolated Muller glial cells from rabbit and human retinae were studied with the whole-cell patch-clamp method. The I(A) of Miller cells was voltage-independently blocked by extracellular(More)
PURPOSE Müller glial cells from the human retina express purinergic P2X(7) receptors. Because extracellular adenosine triphosphate (ATP) is assumed to be a mediator of the induction or maintenance of gliosis, this study was undertaken to determine whether the expression of these receptors is different in human Müller cells obtained from retinas of healthy(More)