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BACKGROUND Neurotransmitters are important regulators of the immune system, with very distinct and varying effects on different leukocyte subsets. So far little is known about the impact of signals mediated by neurotransmitters on the function of CD8+ T lymphocytes. Therefore, we investigated the influence of norepinephrine, dopamine and substance P on the(More)
Beta-adrenoceptors are highly expressed on SW 480 colon carcinoma cells as was assessed by flow cytometry. We investigated the influence of norepinephrine on the migration of these cells using time-lapse videomicroscopy. Norepinephrine-treatment increased the locomotor activity within the population from 25% spontaneously locomoting cells to 65% locomoting(More)
Cell migration may depend on integrin-mediated adhesion to and deadhesion from extracellular matrix ligands. This concept, however, has not yet been confirmed for T lymphocytes migrating in three-dimensional extracellular matrices. We investigated receptor involvement in T cell migration combining a three-dimensional collagen matrix model with time-lapse(More)
Laboratory models show that the beta-blocker, propranolol, can inhibit norepinephrine-induced breast cancer cell migration. We hypothesised that breast cancer patients receiving beta-blockers for hypertension would show reduced metastasis and improved clinical outcome. Three patient subgroups were identified from the medical records of 466 consecutive(More)
Recently, we identified a novel putative human cytokine expressed by activated CD8(+) T cells, which was designated ATAC (activation-induced, T cell-derived, and chemokine-related; the same molecule has been identified independently as lymphotactin and single cysteine motif-1). In this report, we provide evidence that ATAC is a secreted 93-amino acid(More)
The dynamics of cell adhesion sites control cell morphology and motility. Adhesion-site turnover is thought to depend on the local availability of the acidic phospholipid phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate (PIP(2)). PIP(2) can bind to many cell adhesion proteins such as vinculin and talin, but the consequences of this interaction are poorly understood.(More)
The development of metastases is a decisive step in the course of a cancer disease. The detection of metastases in cancer patients is correlated with a poor prognosis, and over 90% of all deaths from cancer are not due to the primary tumor, which often can be successfully treated, but are due to the metastases. Tumor cell migration, a prerequisite for(More)
Chemotactic migration of T lymphocytes and neutrophil granulocytes within a three-dimensional collagen matrix is distinct from spontaneous, matrix-induced migration concerning dynamic parameters and regulatory intracellular signaling. Both spontaneous T lymphocyte locomotion and stromal-cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1)-induced chemotaxis-involved protein(More)
Locomotion of T lymphocytes within three-dimensional collagen matrices is regulated via different signaling states of the cells. Purified human CD4+ and CD8+ T cells developed a spontaneously locomoting subpopulation of about 25% of the whole population immediately after incorporation into a three-dimensional collagen matrix analyzed by time-lapse(More)
Malignant tumors frequently release angiogenic factors, which lead to the vascularization of the tumor, a process called neoangiogenesis. This neoangiogenesis provides sufficient nourishment of the tumor when it exceeds a certain size. Recently, a similar mechanism has been postulated for the development of new lymph vessels in tumors, termed(More)