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BACKGROUND Propofol is gaining increasing popularity as induction agent for pediatric endotracheal intubation. Recently, propofol has been described for the first time as induction agent for endotracheal intubation in preterm neonates. Propofol seemed to be efficient, safe and ideally suited for the INSURE (Intubation SURfactant Extubation) procedure in(More)
AIM To evaluate intubating conditions, extubation times and outcome in preterm infants receiving remifentanil as induction agent for the INSURE procedure. METHODS In twenty-one preterm infants of 29 to 32 weeks gestation and signs of respiratory distress, we utilized remifentanil as induction agent for the INSURE procedure. Following intubation and(More)
OBJECTIVES Thoracostomy tubes are widely used in neonatology. Complications occurred significantly more frequently in infants, especially neonates, than in adults. Principally, the access is the modified Buelau position which takes place in the anterior axillary line at the 4th or 5th intercostal space above the margin of the ribs. AIM This study seeks to(More)
Autosomal dominant medullary cystic kidney disease type 2 (MCKD2) is a tubulo-in terstitial nephropathy that causes renal salt wasting, hyperuricemia, gout, and end-stage renal failure in the fifth decade of life. This disorder was described to have an age of onset between the age of 20-30 years or even later. Mutations in the Uromodulin (UMOD) gene were(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate whether the experience with a method to administer surfactant during spontaneous breathing with nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) as primary respiratory support in infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) influences the frequency of its use and affects the outcome of patients. METHODS All inborn extremely low(More)
Central venous catheterization is widely used in neonatology. Although ultrasonic guidance for central venous catheter placement is available, complications occur significantly more frequently in infants, especially neonates, than in adults. This study seeks to determine the characteristics, topographical conditions, regional relationships, and diameters of(More)
The Hartwig score was designed to assess pain in ventilated newborns and infants. It comprises the acceptance of mechanical ventilation and the reaction to endotracheal suctioning (grimacing, gross motor movements, eye-opening). The aim of this study was to validate the Hartwig score in terms of concurrent validity, internal consistency, inter-rater(More)
The effects of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25(OH)2D3) (calcitriol) and parathyroid hormone (PTH) on synthesis and secretion of lipoprotein lipase (LPL) were studied in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. Expression of the vitamin D receptor was demonstrated by saturation kinetics with radiolabeled calcitriol. Incubation with calcitriol (10(-8) M) for up to 4 d resulted in a(More)
We have retrospectively reviewed our single-center experience of the treatment of early onset nephrotic syndrome (NS). From 1991 to 1998, ten children with NS were treated. Kidney biopsy showed focal sclerosis (n=1), diffuse mesangial sclerosis (n=7), and congenital NS of the Finnish type (n=2). Associated conditions included incomplete Drash syndrome(More)