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In a study of 10 patients with degenerative brain disease that manifested as simultanagnosia, our aims were (1) to elucidate their clinical, neuropsychologic, and radiologic findings to determine whether these patients might represent a group distinguishable from those with typical Alzheimer's disease and (2) to help clinicians recognize this entity. All(More)
Computer interpolation of stereotaxic computerized tomography (CT) scanning data allows the transposition of a tumor volume in stereotaxic space. A stereotaxically directed and computer-monitored CO2 laser is then utilized to vaporize that volume as the surgeon monitors the position of a cursor representing the laser beam against planar contours of the(More)
The size and morphology of particulate polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) sponge prepared by a blender technique for embolotherapy were analyzed by light and scanning electron microscopy. Techniques for preparation and sizing of PVA sponge particles are described. Two types of particulate material, differing in both size and morphology, were found. Large particles(More)
The purpose of this article is to assess lossy image compression of digitized chest radiographs using radiologist assessment of anatomic structures and numerical measurements of image accuracy. Forty posterior-anterior (PA) chest radiographs were digitized and compressed using an irreversible wavelet technique at 10, 20, 40, and 80:1. These were presented(More)
Pixel-calibrated volume measurements of muscle and fat in the bony orbit were made from CT scans of 72 patients with Graves' disease, with and without ophthalmopathy, to define characteristic changes present in clinical subgroups. Measurement abnormalities were detected in 87% of Graves' patients with clinically detectable ophthalmopathy and in 70% of(More)
Thirty-one patients with vascular malformations of the posterior fossa were studied to determine their clinical presentation and radiologic diagnosis. The most common clinical presentations were acute hemorrhage (68%, 21/31) and progressive or fluctuating focal neurologic deficits resembling those found in other pathologic processes (19%, 6/31). Trigeminal(More)
Spontaneous bilateral carotid-cavernous fistulae and cervical artery dissection is reported in a 20-year-old woman with Ehlers-Danlos syndrome Type IV. The clinical features of 16 previously published cases of spontaneous carotid-cavernous fistulae associated with Ehlers-Danlos syndrome Type IV are reviewed, for a total of 17 cases. The mean age of the 14(More)
Incorporation of a surgical computer system into stereotactic methodology provides the facility for efficient utilization of the multiple data bases at the disposal of the modern stereotactician. Computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, and digital fluoroscopy data gathered in stereotactic conditions are digitized into a stereotactic surgical matrix(More)
Six patients with small cell lung cancer developed a slowly progressive neurologic syndrome characterized by apathy, abulia, memory loss, gait ataxia, and corticospinal tract signs 26 to 50 months (mean, 35.2 months) after prophylactic cranial irradiation and systemic chemotherapy. In each case this was accompanied by CT and/or MRI evidence of changes in(More)