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Diastolic heart failure (DHF) currently accounts for more than 50% of all heart failure patients. DHF is also referred to as heart failure with normal left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (HFNEF) to indicate that HFNEF could be a precursor of heart failure with reduced LVEF. Because of improved cardiac imaging and because of widespread clinical use of(More)
Regional nonuniformity is a feature of both diseased and normal left ventricles (LV). With the use of magnetic resonance (MR) myocardial tagging, we performed three-dimensional strain analysis on 87 healthy adults in local cardiac and fiber coordinate systems (radial, circumferential, longitudinal, and fiber strains) to characterize normal nonuniformities(More)
In ventricular cardiac myocytes, T-tubule density is an important determinant of the synchrony of sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca2+ release and could be involved in the reduced SR Ca2+ release in ischemic cardiomyopathy. We therefore investigated T-tubule density and properties of SR Ca2+ release in pigs, 6 weeks after inducing severe stenosis of the(More)
BACKGROUND The benefit of reperfusion therapies for ST-elevation acute myocardial infarction (STEMI) is limited by post-infarction left-ventricular (LV) dysfunction. Our aim was to investigate the effect of autologous bone marrow-derived stem cell (BMSC) transfer in the infarct-related artery on LV function and structure. METHODS We did a randomised,(More)
For porcine myocardium, ultrasonic regional deformation parameters, systolic strain (epsilon(sys)) and peak systolic strain rate (SR(sys)), were compared with stroke volume (SV) and contractility [contractility index (CI)] measured as the ratio of end-systolic strain to end-systolic wall stress. Heart rate (HR) and contractility were varied by atrial pacing(More)
EARLY DETECTION of impaired relaxation has been emphasized recently for the evaluation of global and regional ventricular function in patients with heart disease. Although early relaxation abnormalities have been found in various cardiac diseases, the underlying mechanisms are not as yet fully understood. Given the recent progress in our understanding of(More)
UK Biobank is a prospective cohort study with 500,000 participants aged 40 to 69. Recently an enhanced imaging study received funding. Cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) will be part of a multi-organ, multi-modality imaging visit in 3-4 dedicated UK Biobank imaging centres that will acquire and store imaging data from 100,000 participants (subject to(More)
BACKGROUND Measurement of regional left ventricular (LV) function is predicted on the ability to compare equivalent LV segments at different time points during the cardiac cycle. Standard techniques of short-axis acquisition in two-dimensional echocardiography, cine computed tomography, and standard magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) acquire images from a(More)
AIMS Myocardial haemorrhage is a common complication following reperfusion of ST-segment-elevation acute myocardial infarction (MI). Although its presence is clearly related to infarct size, at present it is unknown whether post-reperfusion haemorrhage affects left ventricular (LV) remodelling. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can be used to identify MI,(More)