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The karyotype is so far the most important prognostic parameter in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Molecular mutations have been analyzed to subdivide AML with normal karyotype into prognostic subsets. The aim of this study was to develop a prognostic model for the entire AML cohort solely based on molecular markers. One thousand patients with cytogenetic(More)
We analyzed a large cohort of 1160 untreated CLL patients for novel genetic markers (SF3B1, NOTCH1, FBXW7, MYD88, XPO1) in the context of molecular, immunophenotypic and cytogenetic data. NOTCH1 mutations (mut) (12.3%), SF3B1mut (9.0%) and TP53mut (7.1%) were more frequent than XPO1mut (3.4%), FBXW7mut (2.5%) and MYD88mut (1.5%). SF3B1mut, NOTCH1mut,(More)
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) B cells that express unmutated immunoglobulin heavy-chain variable region genes (IgV(H)) generally express ZAP-70, in contrast to normal B cells or most CLL cases with mutated IgV(H). Following IgM ligation, ZAP-70+ CLL cells had significantly higher levels of phosphorylated p72(Syk), BLNK, and phospholipase-Cgamma(More)
In CLL data from chromosome banding analysis (CBA) have been scarce due to the low proliferative activity of CLL cells in vitro. We improved the cultivation technique using an immunostimulatory CpG-oligonucleotide DSP30 and IL-2. A total of 506 CLL samples were analysed with CBA and interphase FISH using probes for the detection of trisomy 12, IgH(More)
In acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with complex aberrant karyotype, a loss of one TP53 allele is frequently observed. We analyzed the incidence of TP53 mutations and deletions in 107 AML with complex aberrant karyotype. In 50 of 57 cases showing a loss of one TP53 allele, a TP53 mutation was detected in the remaining allele. In addition, in 33 of 50 cases with(More)
Nucleophosmin (NPM1)-mutated acute myeloid leukemia (AML), which is recognized as a provisional entity in the World Health Organization 2008 classification of myeloid neoplasms, accounts for 30% of AML. We analyzed 1227 diagnostic and follow-up samples in 252 NPM1-mutated AML patients with 17 different NPM1 mutation-specific real-time quantitative(More)
Analyses of 164 RUNX1 mutations (RUNX1mut) in 147 of 449 patients (32.7%) with normal karyotype or noncomplex chromosomal imbalances were performed. RUNX1mut were most frequent in acute myeloid leukemia French-American-British classification M0 (65.2%) followed by M2 (32.4%) and M1 (30.2%). Considering cytogenetics, RUNX1mut were most frequent in cases with(More)
Patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) treated with adenovirus CD154 (Ad-CD154, CD40 ligand [CD40L]) gene therapy experienced rapid reductions in leukemia cell counts and lymph node size associated with the induced expression of Fas (CD95). However, CLL cells initially resist CD95-mediated apoptosis within the first 3 days after CD40 ligation in(More)
The BRAFV600E mutation was recently detected in hairy cell leukemia (HCL) by whole exome sequencing. To make use of this new marker for diagnosis and follow-up of HCL, we developed a BRAFV600Emut-specific quantitative real-time PCR assay and validated it in 117 HCL patients and 102 non-HCL/BRAFwt patients. The cut-off level to discriminate(More)
We analyzed 636 patients with diverse myeloproliferative neoplasms or myelodysplastic/myeloproliferative neoplasms for mutations of the Casitas B-cell lymphoma gene (CBL(mut)) in exons 8 and 9 and performed correlations to other genetic alterations. CBL(mut) were detected in 63 of 636 (9.9%) of these selected patients. CBL(mut) were more frequent in(More)