Frank Declau

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We identified Eyes absent 4 (EYA4), a member of the vertebrate Eya family of transcriptional activators, as the causative gene of postlingual, progressive, autosomal dominant hearing loss at the DFNA10 locus. In two unrelated families from Belgium and the USA segregating for deafness at this locus, we found different mutations in EYA4, both of which create(More)
BACKGROUND Histologic otosclerosis is a disease process without clinical symptoms or manifestations that can be discovered only by sectioning of the temporal bone at autopsy. Clinical otosclerosis is otosclerosis at a site where it causes conductive hearing loss by interfering with the motion of the stapes or of the round window membrane. Various authors(More)
Stickler syndrome is characterized by ophthalmic, articular, orofacial, and auditory manifestations. It has an autosomal dominant inheritance pattern and is caused by mutations in COL2A1, COL11A1, and COL11A2. We describe a family of Moroccan origin that consists of four children with Stickler syndrome, six unaffected children, and two unaffected parents(More)
BACKGROUND 'Histologic otosclerosis' refers to a disease process without clinical symptoms or manifestations that can only be discovered by sectioning of the temporal bone at autopsy. 'Clinical otosclerosis' concerns the presence of otosclerosis at a site where it causes conductive hearing loss by interfering with the motion of the stapes or of the round(More)
UNLABELLED We studied the role of polymorphisms in 13 candidate genes on the risk of otosclerosis in two large independent case-control sets. We found significant association in both populations with BMP2 and BMP4, implicating these two genes in the pathogenesis of this disease. INTRODUCTION Otosclerosis is a progressive disorder of the human temporal(More)
Otosclerosis is a progressive hearing loss characterized by an abnormal bone homeostasis of the otic capsule that leads to stapes fixation. Although its etiology remains unknown, otosclerosis can be considered a complex disease. Transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGF-beta1) was chosen for a case-control association study, because of several non-genetic(More)
Otosclerosis is caused by abnormal bone homeostasis of the otic capsule, resulting in hearing impairment in 0.3%-0.4% of the white population. The etiology of the disease remains unclear and environmental as well as genetic factors have been implicated. We localized the first autosomal-dominant locus to chromosome 15 in 1998 (OTSC1) in an Indian family and,(More)
Otosclerosis due to abnormal bone homeostasis of the otic capsule is a frequent cause of hearing loss in adults. Usually, the hearing loss is conductive, resulting from fixation of the stapedial footplate, which prevents normal ossicular vibration in response to sound. An additional type of sensorineural hearing loss may be caused by otosclerotic damage to(More)
Thus far, 13 genes for autosomal dominant hearing loss have been localized to specific chromosomal regions, but none of the genes has been cloned. Only a single family has been linked to each of these loci, with the exception of DFNA2. DFNA2 was originally mapped in two extended families originating from Indonesia and the United States. In this study we(More)
Besides the use of conventional techniques such as light and polarization microscopy, the present paper proposes the combined use of transmission electron microscopy, secondary and backscattered electron imaging, energy dispersive X-ray analysis and computed tomography for the diagnostic evaluation of ear pathology in the human fetus. These methods were(More)