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KCNE1 is a single-span membrane protein that modulates the voltage-gated potassium channel KCNQ1 (K V7.1) by slowing activation and enhancing channel conductance to generate the slow delayed rectifier current ( I Ks) that is critical for the repolarization phase of the cardiac action potential. Perturbation of channel function by inherited mutations in(More)
BACKGROUND Antifreeze proteins are found in certain fish inhabiting polar sea water. These proteins depress the freezing points of blood and body fluids below that of the surrounding sea water by binding to and inhibiting the growth of seed ice crystals. The proteins are believed to bind irreversibly to growing ice crystals in such a way as to change the(More)
Escherichia coli diacylglycerol kinase (DAGK) represents a family of integral membrane enzymes that is unrelated to all other phosphotransferases. We have determined the three-dimensional structure of the DAGK homotrimer with the use of solution nuclear magnetic resonance. The third transmembrane helix from each subunit is domain-swapped with the first and(More)
A recombinant form of the sea raven type II antifreeze protein (SRAFP) has been produced using the Pichia pastoris expression system. The antifreeze activity of recombinant SRAFP is indistinguishable from that of the wild-type protein. The global fold of SRAFP has been determined by two-dimensional 1H homonuclear and three-dimensional 1H-¿15N¿ heteronuclear(More)
Prion propagation in transmissible spongiform encephalopathies involves the conversion of cellular prion protein, PrP(C), into a pathogenic conformer, PrP(Sc). Hereditary forms of the disease are linked to specific mutations in the gene coding for the prion protein. To gain insight into the molecular basis of these disorders, the solution structure of the(More)
Translational diffusion coefficients and catalytic activities were measured for the integral membrane protein diacylglycerol kinase (DAGK) in a variety of types of detergent micelles. Despite the structural diversity of the detergents examined, the translational diffusion coefficients observed for DAGK spanned a fairly limited range of values: 2.7 to 4.7(More)
The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is a member of the receptor tyrosine kinase family involved in the regulation of cellular proliferation and differentiation. Its juxtamembrane domain (JX), the region located between the transmembrane and kinase domains, plays important roles in receptor trafficking. Two sorting signals, a PXXP motif and a(More)
Intramolecular quenching of tryptophan fluorescence by protein functional groups was studied in a series of rigid cyclic hexapeptides containing a single tryptophan. The solution structure of the canonical peptide c[D-PpYTFWF] (pY, phosphotyrosine) was determined in aqueous solution by 1D- and 2D-(1)H NMR techniques. The peptide backbone has a single(More)
Glaucoma, cataracts, and proximal renal tubular acidosis are diseases caused by point mutations in the human electrogenic Na(+) bicarbonate cotransporter (NBCe1/SLC4A4) (1, 2). One such mutation, R298S, is located in the cytoplasmic N-terminal domain of NBCe1 and has only moderate (75%) function. As SLC transporters have high similarity in their membrane(More)
Hmu O, a heme degradation enzyme in Corynebacterium diphtheriae, forms a stoichiometric complex with iron protoporphyrin IX and catalyzes the oxygen-dependent conversion of hemin to biliverdin, carbon monoxide, and free iron. Using a multitude of spectroscopic techniques, we have determined the axial ligand coordination of the heme-Hmu O complex. The ferric(More)