Frank D. Howard

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A new human T cell surface antigen, Leu-5, has been defined using a set of monoclonal antibodies that block rosette formation between T lymphocytes and sheep erythrocytes (SRBC). Four antibodies obtained from 2 different fusions using 2 immunized mouse strains all reacted with the same antigen. All these antibodies gave identical quantitative(More)
The antigen CD10 (common acute lymphoblastic leukaemia antigen), which is the zinc metalloprotease, neutral endopeptidase 24.11 (also known as NEP or 'enkephalinase'), is expressed by acute lymphoblastic leukaemias, normal lymphoid progenitors, mature polymorphonuclear leukocytes and certain nonhaematopoietic cells. CD10/NEP hydrolyses several naturally(More)
Cell membranes isolated from murine lymphocytes or ascites tumors bind tightly to the surface of flexible plastic microtiter plates in the absence of additional proteins. This allows the detection of membrane associated molecules by specific antibodies and thus forms the basis for a rapid and sensitive radioimmunoassay for antibodies to membrane-bound(More)
The high-affinity receptor for IgE (Fc epsilon RI) is a four-subunit structure consisting of three distinct polypeptides: the IgE-binding alpha chain, the four-fold membrane-spanning beta chain, and the disulfide-linked gamma-gamma homodimer. cDNAs encoding each subunit have previously been isolated. Here we show that microinjection of Xenopus oocytes with(More)
CD2-mediated T lymphocyte activation requires surface expression of CD3-Ti, the T cell receptor (TCR) for antigen major histocompatibility complex protein. Given the importance of CD3 zeta in TCR signaling, we have directly examined the ability of the CD3 zeta cytoplasmic domain to couple CD2 to intracellular signal transduction pathways. A cDNA encoding a(More)
An in vitro line of the B cell tumor BCL1 was developed. The cell line carried u-, S-, and A-chains on the cell surface as judged by analysis of surface iodinated proteins but did not secret Ig. ASfter stimulation with LPS, limpid A, or bacterial lipoprotein, 20 to 40% of the tumor cells matured to IgM secretors when detected in a plaque assay. Two other(More)
The CD3 eta subunit of the T-cell antigen receptor forms a heterodimeric structure with the CD3 zeta subunit in thymus-derived lymphoid cells and is apparently involved in signal transduction through the receptor. Here we report the primary structure of murine CD3 eta as deduced from protein microsequencing and cDNA cloning. The mature protein is divided(More)
Survivin is a member of the inhibitor of apoptosis (IAP) family and has multifunctional properties that include aspects of proliferation, invasion and cell survival control. Survivin is a promising candidate for targeted cancer therapy as its expression is associated with poor clinical outcome, more aggressive clinico-pathologic features, and resistance to(More)
The T-cell antigen receptor (TCR) consists of an antigen-binding heterodimer, termed Ti, which is noncovalently associated with the invariant CD3 subunits (gamma, delta, epsilon, zeta, and eta). The CD3 zeta and -eta subunits form either homodimeric or heterodimeric structures in turn associated with the other components of the TCR complex. This feature(More)