Frank D. Blum

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The decomposition of 2,2'-azobis(isobutyronitrile) (AIBN) at room temperature was studied in emulsion gels, with and without silica, using UV/visible spectroscopy. The emulsion gels consisted of toluene, AIBN, an aqueous solution of a surfactant (either hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide, CTAB, or sodium dodecyl sulfate, SDS), and, in some cases, fumed(More)
Poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA)/silica/cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) composites were prepared through surfactant catalyzed free radical polymerizations at 40 °C. Fumed silica particles controlled the morphology of the polymeric composites producing porous structures. The internal structures of the porous composite were determined using(More)
Polystyrene (PS)/cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB)/silica composites were prepared by CTAB-catalyzed in-situ polymerization of high internal phase emulsion gels (HIPE gels) at room temperature. The room temperature approach in HIPE gels yielded mono-dispersed PS/CTAB/silica spherical composite particles with sizes of 121 and 155nm. The complex(More)
The interface in composite materials containing an ultrathin layer of poly(methyl acrylate)-d(3) (PMA-d(3)) on silica was studied using deuterium NMR. PMA-d(3) was deposited from solution at saturation coverage from toluene onto silica. The samples were dried and composite samples made by hot pressing the PMA-d(3)/silica samples with hydrogenated(More)
A variety of transport properties have been measured for solutions of the water soluble polymer poly(ethylene oxide)(PEO) with molecular weights ranging from 200 to 14,000, and volume fractions ranging from 0-80%. The transport properties are thermal conductivity, electrical conductivity at audio frequencies (in solutions containing dilute electrolyte), and(More)
*19. ASSTR.V (Continue on ;;verse it necessary and #dent fy by block number) ~ Crosslinked substituted pheno:ljformaldehyde resins were synthesized from cashew nut shell liquid, 3-n-pentadecylphenol and phenol with formaldehyde. The resulting resins were crosslinked and then investigated using carbon-13 NMR in the solid state using crosspolarizatiun, magic(More)
Surfactant-catalyzed room-temperature radical polymerization of methyl methacrylate (MMA) was conducted in the presence of fumed silica nanoparticles and water. Three types of surfactants, cationic (CTAB), nonionic (Triton X-100) or anionic (SDS), were used to catalyze the decomposition of the initiator, 2,2'-azobisisobutyronitrile (AIBN). The(More)
The effect of molecular mass on the segmental dynamics of poly(methyl acrylate) (PMA) adsorbed on silica was studied using deuterium quadrupole-echo nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and modulated differential scanning calorimetry. Samples adsorbed on silica (all about 1.5 mg PMA/m2 silica) were shown to have more restricted segmental mobility, and higher(More)
Equilibrium and nonequilibrium molecular dynamics simulation techniques were used to assess the influence of an applied microwave field on the dynamics of methylamine-methanol and methylamine-dimethylformamide (DMF) solutions bound within atactic polystyrene over a range of polymer densities from 35 to 96 wt % polymer. Atomistically detailed systems were(More)