Frank D. Böhmer

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Tyrosine phosphorylation is an important signalling mechanism in eukaryotic cells. In cancer, oncogenic activation of tyrosine kinases is a common feature, and novel anticancer drugs have been introduced that target these enzymes. Tyrosine phosphorylation is also controlled by protein-tyrosine phosphatases (PTPs). Recent evidence has shown that PTPs can(More)
A novel class of tyrosine kinase blockers represented by the tyrphostins AG1295 and AG1296 is described. These compounds inhibit selectively the platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) receptor kinase and the PDGF-dependent DNA synthesis in Swiss 3T3 cells and in porcine aorta endothelial cells with 50% inhibitory concentrations below 5 and 1 microM,(More)
Cytokines such as interferons (IFNs) activate signal transducers and activators of transcription (STATs) via phosphorylation. Histone deacetylases (HDACs) and the histone acetyltransferase (HAT) CBP dynamically regulate STAT1 acetylation. Here we show that acetylation of STAT1 counteracts IFN-induced STAT1 phosphorylation, nuclear translocation, DNA(More)
Many agonists of G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) can stimulate receptor tyrosine kinases and the extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)/mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway. A 'transactivation' mechanism, which links these events in one signalling chain, inspired many researchers, but inevitably raised new questions. A 'multi-track'(More)
Inappropriate activation of oncogenic kinases at intracellular locations is frequently observed in human cancers, but its effects on global signaling are incompletely understood. Here, we show that the oncogenic mutant of Flt3 (Flt3-ITD), when localized at the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), aberrantly activates STAT5 and upregulates its targets, Pim-1/2, but(More)
There is evidence that consumption of certain dietary ingredients may favourably modulate biotransformation of carcinogens. Associated with this is the hypothesis that the risk for developing colorectal cancer could be reduced, since its incidence is related to diet. Two main groups of biotransformation enzymes metabolize carcinogens, namely Phase I(More)
Constitutive activation of receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) is a frequent event in human cancer cells. Activating mutations in Fms-like tyrosine kinase 3 (FLT-3), notably, internal tandem duplications in the juxtamembrane domain (FLT-3 ITD), have been causally linked to acute myeloid leukemia. As we describe here, FLT-3 ITD exists predominantly in an(More)
Signaling through receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) is a major mechanism for intercellular communication during development and in the adult organism, as well as in disease-associated processes. The phosphorylation status and signaling activity of RTKs is determined not only by the kinase activity of the RTK but also by the activities of protein tyrosine(More)
Several studies have suggested that morphogenesis and patterning in hydra are regulated through pathways involving protein kinase C (PKC). Nevertheless, the complete signal system for regeneration in hydra is still not completely understood. Using inhibitors of different signalling pathways we are dissecting this system. We found that sphingosine (2(More)
The receptor tyrosine kinase Flt3 is expressed and functionally important in early myeloid progenitor cells and in the majority of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) blasts. Internal tandem duplications (ITDs) in the juxtamembrane domain of the receptor occur in 25% of AML cases. Previously, we have shown that these mutations activate the receptor and induce(More)