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BACKGROUND Use of implantable cardiac defibrillators (ICDs) in children and patients with congenital heart disease is complicated by body size and anatomy. A variety of creative implantation techniques has been used empirically in these groups on an ad hoc basis. OBJECTIVE To rationalize ICD placement in special populations, we used subject-specific,(More)
Although long-term survival after craniopharyngioma treatment is excellent in childhood and early adulthood, sudden deaths in two craniopharyngioma survivors with cardiac findings suggest a need to determine whether treated patients exhibit potential substrates for sudden cardiac death. We present a retrospective review of two index patients with cardiac(More)
BACKGROUND In Fontan and atrial switch patients, transcatheter ablation is limited by difficult access to the pulmonary venous atrium. In recent years, transbaffle access (TBA) has been described, but limited data document its safety and utility. METHODS AND RESULTS All ablative electrophysiological study cases of this population performed between January(More)
INTRODUCTION Nonautomatic focal atrial tachycardia (NAFAT) has been characterized in adults with structurally normal hearts. This article characterizes NAFAT in a population of patients with complex congenital heart disease. METHODS AND RESULTS Electrophysiologic and electroanatomic mapping data and acute outcomes were reviewed in patients undergoing(More)
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