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A novel flow battery: A lead acid battery based on an electrolyte with soluble lead(II) Part VIII. The cycling of a 10 cm × 10 cm flow cell Keywords: Flow battery Lead(II) ions Lead Lead dioxide Methanesulfonic acid Efficiency a b s t r a c t The design of a 10 cm × 10 cm flow cell for the soluble lead acid flow battery is described. A number of extended(More)
—Fuzzy logic is used to define a new quantity called the battery working state (BWS), which is based on both battery terminal voltage and state of charge (SOC), to overcome the problem of battery over-discharge and associated damage resulting from inaccurate estimates of the SOC. The BWS is used by a fuzzy logic energy-management system of a plug-in series(More)
  • Stephen W T Price, Stephen J Thompson, Xiaohong Li, Scott F Gorman, Derek Pletcher, Andrea E Russell +2 others
  • 2015
The fabrication of a gas diffusion electrode (GDE) without carbon components is described; it is therefore suitable for use as a bifunctional oxygen electrode in alkaline secondary batteries. The electrode is fabricated in two stages (a) the formation of a PTFE-bonded nickel powder layer on a nickel foam substrate and (b) the deposition of a NiCo 2 O 4(More)
A number of nickel based materials are investigated as potential oxygen evolution catalysts under conditions close to those met in modern, high current density alkaline water electrolysers. Microelectrodes are used to avoid distortion of voltammetric data by IR drop even at the high current densities employed in such water electrolysers. High surface area(More)
  • Fernando F Rivera, Carlos Ponce De León, José L Nava, Frank C Walsh, F C Walsh
  • 2015
Keywords: electrolyser energy storage environmental remediation FM01-LC mass transport metal ion removal inorganic and organic electrosynthesis water treatment A B S T R A C T The FM01-LC is a laboratory-scale, electrochemical filter-press cell with a projected electrode area of 64 cm 2 and a rectangular electrolyte flow channel which was originally based(More)
Lead dioxide coatings on inert substrates such as titanium and carbon now offer new opportunities for a material known for 150 years. It is now recognised that electrodeposition allows the preparation of stable coatings with different phase structures and a wide range of surface morphologies. In addition, substantial modification to the physical properties(More)
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