Frank C Schroeder

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The PI3K/PTEN/Akt signal transduction pathway plays a key role in many tumors. Downstream targets of this pathway include the Forkhead family of transcription factors (FOXO1a, FOXO3a, FOXO4). In PTEN null cells, FOXO1a is inactivated by PI3K-dependent phosphorylation and mislocalization to the cytoplasm, yet still undergoes nucleocytoplasmic shuttling.(More)
In many organisms, population-density sensing and sexual attraction rely on small-molecule-based signalling systems. In the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans, population density is monitored through specific glycosides of the dideoxysugar ascarylose (the 'ascarosides') that promote entry into an alternative larval stage, the non-feeding and highly persistent(More)
Fine fescue grasses displace neighboring plants by depositing large quantities of an aqueous phytotoxic root exudate in the soil rhizosphere. Via activity-guided fractionation, we have isolated and identified the nonprotein amino acid m-tyrosine as the major active component. m-Tyrosine is significantly more phytotoxic than its structural isomers o- and(More)
The approximately 80-kb pksX gene cluster in Bacillus subtilis encodes an unusual hybrid polyketide/nonribosomal peptide synthase that has been linked to the production of the uncharacterized antibiotic bacillaene. Multiple copies of this synthase, each similar in size to the ribosome, assemble into a single organelle-like complex with a mass of tens to(More)
In response to high population density or low food supply, the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans enters an alternative larval stage, known as the dauer, that can withstand adverse conditions for prolonged periods. C. elegans senses its population density through a small-molecule signal, traditionally called the dauer pheromone, that it secretes into its(More)
The cleavage of glucosinolates by myrosinase to produce toxic breakdown products is a characteristic insect defense of cruciferous plants. Although green peach aphids (Myzus persicae) are able to avoid most contact with myrosinase when feeding from the phloem of Arabidopsis thaliana, indole glucosinolates are nevertheless degraded during passage through the(More)
OBJECTIVE Tyrosine kinases (TKs) are important regulators of the L-type Ca(2+) channel (LTCC) current in various cell types. However, there are no data addressing the role of TKs in the control of single LTCC activity in human atrial cardiac myocytes, where changes in LTCC gating properties have been described in a number of disease states. METHODS AND(More)
Hormonal regulation of salt excretion and water balance by the kidneys is well documented. Before 1961, it was widely believed that the glomerular filtration rate and the steroid hormone aldosterone controlled sodium balance in the body. In 1961, deWardener et al. [de Wardener HE, Mills IH, Clapham WF, Hayter CJ (1961) Clin Sci 21:249-258] showed that when(More)
A screen of a library of synthetic drugs and natural product extracts identified a botanical extract that modulates the processing of amyloid precursor protein (APP) in cultured cells to produce a lowered ratio of amyloid-beta peptide (1-42) (Aβ42) relative to Aβ40. This profile is of interest as a potential treatment for Alzheimer's disease. The extract,(More)
We tested the hypothesis that altered phosphorylation of Ca2+ regulatory proteins contributes to contractile anomalies in cardiac hypertrophy. Cardiac hypertrophy was induced in rats by chronic s.c. administration of isoproterenol (Iso, 2.4 mg/kg/day) via osmotic minipumps. On day 2 of Iso treatment the expression of atrial natriuretic factor was increased,(More)