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Blood cell development relies on the expansion and maintenance of haematopoietic stem and progenitor cells in the embryo. By gene targeting in mouse embryonic stem cells, we demonstrate that the transcription factor GATA-2 plays a critical role in haematopoiesis, particularly of an adult type. We propose that GATA-2 regulates genes controlling growth factor(More)
A mutant of Bacillus subtilis IMR-NK1, which is used for the production of domestic "natto" in Taiwan, produced high fibrinolytic enzyme activity by solid-state fermentation using wheat bran as medium. In addition, a strong fibrinolytic enzyme was purified from the cultivation media. The purified enzyme was almost homogeneous, as examined by SDS-PAGE and(More)
Mast cells participate in pathophysiological processes that range from antimicrobial defense to anaphylaxis and inflammatory arthritis. Much of the groundwork for the understanding of mast cells was established in mice that lacked mast cells through defects in either stem cell factor or its receptor, Kit. Among available strains, C57BL/6-Kit(W-sh) (W(sh))(More)
Plasma iron circulates bound to transferrin (Trf), which solubilizes the ferric ion and attenuates its reactivity. Diferric Trf interacts with cell-surface Trf receptor (Trfr) to undergo receptor-mediated endocytosis into specialized endosomes. Endosomal acidification leads to iron release, and iron is transported out of the endosome through the activity of(More)
The TEL (translocation-Ets-leukemia or ETV6) locus, which encodes an Ets family transcription factor, is frequently rearranged in human leukemias of myeloid or lymphoid origins. By gene targeting in mice, we previously showed that TEL-/- mice are embryonic lethal because of a yolk sac angiogenic defect. TEL also appears essential for the survival of(More)
Flow cytometric systems are useful for protein identification and expression analysis, especially characterizing particular lineage or sublineage of cells. We clustered flow cytometry data of bone marrow cells into subpopulations using a clustering algorithm with its physical characteristics (cell size and cell granularity) and different molecular(More)
We previously demonstrated that glutamine synthetase (GS) and ornithine aminotransferase (OAT) mRNAs are expressed in the mouse liver acinus preferentially in pericentral hepatocytes, that is, those immediately surrounding terminal central veins (A.L. Bennett, K.E. Paulson, R.E. Miller, and J.E. Darnell, Jr., J. Cell Biol. 105:1073-1085, 1987, and F.C. Kuo,(More)
The TEL gene, which is frequently rearranged in human leukemias of both myeloid and lymphoid origin, encodes a member of the Ets family of transcription factors. The TEL gene is widely expressed throughout embryonic development and in the adult. To determine the requirement for the TEL gene product in development we generated TEL knockout mice (TEL-/-) by(More)
In situ hybridization showed that the mRNA for ornithine aminotransferase (OAT; ornithine-oxo-acid aminotransferase; L-ornithine: 2-oxo-acid aminotransferase, EC colocalized with glutamine synthetase [GS; glutamate-ammonia ligase; L-glutamate: ammonia ligase (ADP-forming), EC] in pericentral hepatocytes of the adult mouse liver. In(More)
The serum thyroxine-binding protein, transthyretin (TTR), is made by hepatocytes and by choroid plexus epithelium in adults and by yolk sac cells in embryogenesis. Four hepatocyte nuclear factors (HNF-1, -3, and -4 and C/EBP) that are present in liver but not in most other adult tissues bind DNA sites in the TTR gene that are sufficient to direct transgenic(More)