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The serpins (serine proteinase inhibitors) are a superfamily of proteins (350 –500 amino acids in size) that fold into a conserved structure and employ a unique suicide substrate-like inhibitory mechanism. The serpins were last reviewed in 1994 (1). More recent studies show: 1) an expanded distribution within the kingdoms of metazoa and plantae, as well as(More)
Breast cancer is the most prominent cancer among females in the United States. There are a number of risk factors associated with development of breast cancer, including consumption of a high-fat diet and obesity. Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) is a cytokine upregulated in obesity whose expression is correlated with a poor prognosis in breast(More)
Here we tested the ability to augment the biological activity of the thrombin aptamer, d(GGTTGGTGTGGTTGG), by using locked nucleic acid (LNA) to influence its G-quadruplex structure. Compared to un-substituted control aptamer, LNA-containing aptamers displayed varying degrees of thrombin inhibition. Aptamers with LNA substituted in either positions G5, T7,(More)
Cancer patients often have an activated clotting system and are at increased risk for venous thrombosis. In the present study, we analyzed tissue factor (TF) expression in 4 different human pancreatic tumor cell lines for the purpose of producing derivative tumors in vivo. We found that 2 of the lines expressed TF and released TF-positive microparticles(More)
Epidemiologic studies have correlated elevated plasma fibrinogen (hyperfibrinogenemia) with risk of cardiovascular disease and arterial and venous thrombosis. However, it is unknown whether hyperfibrinogenemia is merely a biomarker of the proinflammatory disease state or is a causative mechanism in the etiology. We raised plasma fibrinogen levels in mice(More)
We investigated peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPAR-γ) ligands effect on cell motility and the plasminogen activator system using normal MCF-10A and malignant MCF-10CA1 cell lines. Ciglitazone reduced both wound-induced migration and chemotaxis. However, the effect was not reversed with pretreatment of cells with the PPAR-γ-specific(More)
I n the current issue of Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology, Uchida et al report the use of a uroki-nase plasminogen activator (uPA) Ϫ/Ϫ low-density lipoprotein receptor Ϫ/Ϫ mouse model to investigate the role of uPA in the development of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) in a hyperlipidemic setting. 1 Surprisingly, they show that uPA(More)
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