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Compared with temporal or frontal resections, epilepsy surgery in the posterior cortex is rarely performed, and the literature concerning clinical predictors for the postoperative seizure outcome in this particular subgroup is sparse. The data of 42 patients with lesional focal epilepsies of the parieto-occipital lobe and the occipital border of the(More)
BACKGROUND Most patients do well after epilepsy surgery for mesial temporal lobe sclerosis, and in only 8 to 12% of all operations, the outcome is classified as not improved. OBJECTIVE To analyze the outcome of reoperation in cases of incomplete resection of mesial temporal lobe structures in patients with mesial temporal lobe sclerosis in temporal lobe(More)
There are established drugs for the treatment of status epilepticus (SE) but their potentially hazardous side-effects are well known. Levetiracetam (LEV) is a novel anticonvulsant available for intravenous (i.v.) application. It could be an alternative when standard drugs fail or should be avoided. We retrospectively identified patients from two German(More)
BACKGROUND Infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is associated both with infections of the central nervous system and with neurological deficits due to direct effects of the neurotropic virus. Seizures and epilepsy are not rare among HIV-infected patients. We investigated the frequency of acute seizures and epilepsy of patients in different(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the predictive value of demographic data for the seizure outcome after extratemporal epilepsy surgery. METHODS Eightyone patients who underwent resective extratemporal epilepsy surgery were retrospectively studied concerning (a) age at surgery, (b) onset of epilepsy, (c) duration of epilepsy, (d) number of seizures at the time of(More)
Twenty-six Austrian, Dutch, German, and Swiss epilepsy centers were asked to report on use of the Wada test (intracarotid amobarbital procedure, IAP) from 2000 to 2005 and to give their opinion regarding its role in the presurgical diagnosis of epilepsy. Sixteen of the 23 centers providing information had performed 1421 Wada tests, predominantly the classic(More)
OBJECTIVE The etiological misinterpretation of paroxysmal neurological symptoms frequently causes a delayed treatment or an inappropriate utilization of ICU-capacities. METHODS In this study, the data of 208 patients admitted to a neurological ICU because of acute transient neurological deficits, loss of consciousness or unclear motor phenomena were(More)
OBJECTIVE The relationship between the posterior cortex and cognitive functions is still a relatively open field. There are no studies on populations in which functions of posterior structures were examined by a standardised neuropsychological examination before and after posterior resections. Changes in cognitive performance are regularly observed after(More)
Alien limb phenomena (ALPs) are characterized by limb movements, which are subjectively experienced as involuntary or alien induced. ALPs regularly remain unchanged and occur as a consequence of frontal, callosal, or posterior cerebral lesions. The authors present two patients with paroxysmal ALP proved to be focal seizures by using video-EEG monitoring. In(More)