Valeria Ramaglia8
Ivo N van Schaik7
Eleonora Aronica6
Arie van der Ende6
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Pontocerebellar hypoplasias (PCH) represent a group of neurodegenerative autosomal recessive disorders with prenatal onset, atrophy or hypoplasia of the cerebellum, hypoplasia of the ventral pons, microcephaly, variable neocortical atrophy and severe mental and motor impairments. In two subtypes, PCH2 and PCH4, we identified mutations in three of the four(More)
Small virus-derived interfering RNAs (viRNAs) play an important role in antiviral defence in plants, insects and nematodes by triggering the RNA interference (RNAi) pathway. The role of RNAi as an antiviral defence mechanism in mammalian cells has been obscure due to the lack of viRNA detection. Although viRNAs from different mammalian viruses have recently(More)
Since the introduction of serial analysis of gene expression (SAGE) as a method to quantitatively analyze the differential expression of genes, several statistical tests have been published for the pairwise comparison of SAGE libraries. Testing the difference between the number of specific tags found in two SAGE libraries is hampered by the fact that each(More)
Catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) is the most important mechanism for dopamine degradation in the prefrontal cortex and contains a functional polymorphism (val(158)met) influencing enzyme activity. The low-activity met allele has been associated with better performance on cognitive tasks relying on the prefrontal cortex. Whether COMT also affects brain(More)
The dystrophin deficiency leading to the severely progressing muscle degeneration in Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) patients is caused by frame-shifting mutations in the DMD gene. We are developing a reading frame correction therapy aimed at the antisense-induced skipping of targeted exons from the pre-mRNA. Despite introducing a (larger) deletion, an(More)
  • Bradley N. Smith, Nicola Ticozzi, Claudia Fallini, Athina Soragia Gkazi, Simon Topp, Kevin P. Kenna +59 others
  • 2014
Exome sequencing is an effective strategy for identifying human disease genes. However, this methodology is difficult in late-onset diseases where limited availability of DNA from informative family members prohibits comprehensive segregation analysis. To overcome this limitation, we performed an exome-wide rare variant burden analysis of 363 index cases(More)
Four unrelated children are described with an identical brainstem and cerebellar malformation on MRI. The key findings are: vermal hypoplasia, subtotal absence of middle cerebellar peduncles, flattened ventral pons, vaulted pontine tegmentum, molar tooth aspect of the pontomesencephalic junction and absent inferior olivary prominence. Peripheral hearing(More)
We analyzed clinical and pathological disease in 2 peripheral myelin protein-22 (PMP22) overexpressing mouse models for 1.5 years. C22 mice have 7 and C3-PMP mice have 3 to 4 copies of the human PMP22 gene. C3-PMP mice showed no overt clinical signs at 3 weeks and developed mild neuromuscular impairment; C22 mice showed signs at 3 weeks that progressed to(More)
Microglial priming predisposes the brain to neurodegeneration and affects disease progression. The signal to switch from the quiescent to the primed state is unknown. We show that deleting the C3 convertase regulator complement receptor 1-related protein y (Crry) induces microglial priming. Mice that were double-knockout for Crry and either C3 or factor B(More)