Frank B. Sachse

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Timothy syndrome (TS) is a multisystem disorder that causes syncope and sudden death from cardiac arrhythmias. Prominent features include congenital heart disease, immune deficiency, intermittent hypoglycemia, cognitive abnormalities, and autism. All TS individuals have syndactyly (webbing of fingers and toes). We discovered that TS resulted from a(More)
OBJECTIVE We describe a genetic basis for atrial fibrillation and short QT syndrome in utero. Heterologous expression of the mutant channel was used to define the physiological consequences of the mutation. METHODS A baby girl was born at 38 weeks after induction of delivery that was prompted by bradycardia and irregular rythm. ECG revealed atrial(More)
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Although chloroquine remains an important therapeutic agent for treatment of malaria in many parts of the world, its safety margin is very narrow. Chloroquine inhibits the cardiac inward rectifier K(+) current I(K1) and can induce lethal ventricular arrhythmias. In this study, we characterized the biophysical and molecular basis of chloroquine block of(More)
Investigating the mechanisms underlying the genesis and conduction of electrical excitation in the atria at physiological and pathological states is of great importance. To provide knowledge concerning the mechanisms of excitation, we constructed a biophysical detailed and anatomically accurate computer model of human atria that incorporates both structural(More)
Ongoing developments in cardiac modelling have resulted, in particular, in the development of advanced and increasingly complex computational frameworks for simulating cardiac tissue electrophysiology. The goal of these simulations is often to represent the detailed physiology and pathologies of the heart using codes that exploit the computational potential(More)
OBJECTIVE The outward current flowing through the two-pore domain acid-sensitive potassium channel TASK-1 (I(TASK)) and its inhibition via alpha1-adrenergic receptors was studied in rat ventricular cardiomyocytes. METHODS Quantitative RT-PCR experiments were carried out with mRNA from rat heart. Patch-clamp recordings were performed in isolated rat(More)
AIMS A percentage of sudden cardiac death events occur in individuals with structurally normal hearts due to an abnormality in the ion channel activity. While the majority of these hereditary syndromes are well-established, little is known about the significance of the short QT syndrome. METHODS This study is based on discovered insights into the(More)
Experimental studies have shown that cardiac fibroblasts are electrically inexcitable, but can contribute to electrophysiology of myocardium in various manners. The aim of this computational study was to give insights in the electrophysiological role of fibroblasts and their interaction with myocytes. We developed a mathematical model of fibroblasts based(More)
Human ether-a-go-go-related gene 1 (hERG1) K(+) channels mediate repolarization of cardiac action potentials. Unintended block of hERG1 channels by some drugs can prolong the QT interval and induce arrhythmia. Recently, hERG1 channel agonists were discovered and, based on their mechanisms of action can be classified into two types. RPR260243(More)