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Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) represents an aggressive tumor type with poor prognosis. The majority of GBM patients cannot be cured. There is high willingness among patients for the compassionate use of non-approved medications, which might occasionally lead to profound toxicity. A 65-year-old patient with glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) has been treated with(More)
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most frequent primary malignant brain tumor in adults. Despite multimodal therapies, almost all GBM recur within a narrow margin around the initial resected lesion. Thus, novel therapeutic intensification strategies must target both, the population of dispersed tumor cells around the cavity and the postoperative(More)
Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene amplification and overexpression are commonly present in glioblastoma, and confer advantages of growth, invasiveness and radio/chemotherapy-resistance for tumour cells. Here, we assessed the role of EGFR activation for downstream mitogenic signalling in the commonly used glioblastoma cell line U251. Despite the(More)
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE Although radiotherapy is a key component of cancer treatment, its implementation into pre-clinical in vivo models with relatively small target volumes is frequently omitted either due to technical complexity or expected side effects hampering long-term observational studies. We here demonstrate how an affordable industrial micro-CT can be(More)
Small animal imaging is of increasing relevance in biomedical research. Studies systematically assessing the diagnostic accuracy of contrast-enhanced in vivo micro-CT of orthotopic glioma xenografts in mice do not exist. NOD/SCID/γc(-/-) mice (n = 27) underwent intracerebral implantation of 2.5 × 10(6) GFP-Luciferase-transduced U87MG cells. Mice underwent(More)
a well-known clinical problem and are subject of numerous pharmacological investigations to clarify the underlying mechanisms of action. Drug interactions between approved and non-approved drugs may be even more problematic, as their modes of interaction are not well analyzed in most cases. There are only a few examples, where detailed standard analyses are(More)
Patients diagnosed with glioblastoma multiforme receiving stereotactic biopsy only either due to tumor localization or impaired clinical status face a devastating prognosis with very short survival times. One strategy to provide an initial cytoreductive and palliative therapy at the time of the stereotactic biopsy is interstitial irradiation through the(More)
Meningeal melanocytomas are rare tumors. They are derived from leptomeningeal melanocytes and predominantly occur along the spine and the posterior fossa. Here, the authors report a case of intramedullary melanocytoma of intermediate grade in a 58-year-old female patient who was initially misdiagnosed with malignant melanoma until mutational analyses of a(More)
Glioblastoma is the most common and aggressive adult primary brain cancer. Despite multimodal therapy, it is associated with a survival of less than two years. Greater than 85% of recurrences occur within the original area of surgery and radiotherapy, suggesting a potential for improved local treatments. In addition to cancer cell invasion beyond surgical(More)
PURPOSE There is an increasing need for small animal in vivo imaging in murine orthotopic glioma models. Because dedicated small animal scanners are not available ubiquitously, the applicability of a clinical CT scanner for visualization and measurement of intracerebrally growing glioma xenografts in living mice was validated. MATERIALS AND METHODS(More)