Frank Ahrens

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Three out of 297 Lactobacillus strains isolated from pig faeces were selected for a feeding trial on account of their high bile-salt hydrolase (BSH) activity, bile-salt resistance, low pH tolerance and the production of antimicrobial substances. Two strains were identified as Lactobacillus johnsonii and one as Lactobacillus reuteri by DNA-DNA hybridisation.(More)
Atopic dermatitis (AD) represents a pruritic, non-contagious, chronic or chronically relapsing, inflammatory skin disease. The course of the disease may be complicated by bacterial or viral superinfections. The first manifestation of the disease and further flare-ups are due to genetic predisposition and also to a variety of further trigger factors. The(More)
Luminal histamine concentrations can be very high in the intestine without eliciting clinical histaminosis. The intestinal mechanisms that possibly prevent systemic intoxication by luminal histamine were investigated in the present study. Porcine colonic epithelia were mounted in Ussing chambers. After unilateral application of partially 3H-labelled(More)
Rubber mats covering concrete slatted flooring are a developing market in dairy barns but remain rare in beef cattle facilities. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of covering slatted concrete floor with perforated rubber mats on behaviour and occurrence of skin and claw lesions in fattening bulls. The groups of six bulls each with a total(More)
Minipigs were fed a "Western-style", high-cholesterol diet for a baseline period, followed by the diet containing a mixture of three Lactobacillus strains with potential probiotic features, after which a normal pig diet was followed. The faecal enzyme activity for beta-glucuronidase and azoreductase, which are commonly considered as markers for(More)
OBJECTIVE Catabolism of histamine plays a crucial role in the intestine in preventing intoxication by luminal histamine. Two enzymes are involved, namely histamine N-methyltransferase (HMT) and diamine oxidase (DAO). The purpose of this study was to find a link between histamine catabolism and the activities of HMT and DAO. MATERIAL AND METHODS Epithelia(More)
Diamine oxidase (DAO) was purified to homogeneity from human seminal plasma by consecutive chromatographic fractionation on heparin-sepharose, phenyl-sepharose, CIM-QA, and Superdex 200. Human seminal plasma DAO behaves electrophoretically similar to DAO proteins from other human tissues and has very similar enzymatic properties with histamine and aliphatic(More)
Methods 63 peanut allergic children (median: age 6 years; peanutspecific IgE 73,5kU/l) who participated in an oral immunotherapy (OIT)-study were enrolled. Data concerning age of diagnosis, provision with self-injectable epinephrine, professional advice and performance of a peanut-free diet as well as the characterization of accidental allergic reactions to(More)
Patients with alpha-1-antitrypsin deficiency (AATD) and a PI-ZZ genotype are at high risk to develop severe emphysema during adulthood. However, little is known about early stages of emphysema and disease manifestation in other PI-types. Spirometry is commonly used for monitoring although early manifestation of emphysema is suspected within the peripheral(More)
Bei dem Krankheitsbild der Neurodermitis handelt es sich um eine chronische oder chronisch-rezidivierende, nichtkontagiöse, entzündliche Hauterkrankung mit in der Regel starkem Juckreiz. Darüber hinaus besteht ein Risiko für komplizierte Verläufe mit bakteriellen oder viralen Superinfektionen. Sowohl die genetische Prädisposition als auch zahlreiche(More)