Frank A. Simmen

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The role of diet in the prevention of breast cancer is widely accepted, yet little is known about how its biological effects mitigate susceptibility to this disease. Soy consumption is associated with reduced breast cancer risk in women, an effect largely attributed to the soy isoflavone genistein (Gen). We previously showed reduced incidence of chemically(More)
A family of estrogen-dependent porcine oviductal secretory glycoproteins (POSPs) that exhibit structural similarities are synthesized and secreted into the oviductal lumen at proestrus, estrus, and metestrus. The objectives of this study were to clone the POSP cDNA, obtain the full-length cDNA and protein sequence, examine tissue specificity and species(More)
Progesterone receptor (PR), a ligand-activated transcription factor, is a key regulator of cellular proliferation and differentiation in reproductive tissues. The transcriptional activity of PR is influenced by co-regulatory proteins typically expressed in a tissue- and cell-specific fashion. We previously demonstrated that basic transcription(More)
Secretory leukocyte protease inhibitor (SLPI) inhibits chymotrypsin, trypsin, elastase, and cathepsin G. This protein also exhibits proliferative effects, although little is known about the molecular mechanisms underlying this activity. We have generated SLPI-ablated epithelial sublines by stably transfecting the Ishikawa human endometrial cell line with an(More)
Chronic and excessive alcohol consumption is an important and modifiable risk factor for type 2 diabetes. We previously reported elevations in hepatic Class 1 alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) expression in ethanol-fed rats correspondent with reduced levels of mature, nuclear sterol-regulatory element-binding protein-1 (SREBP-1), an insulin-induced(More)
The gastrointestinal tract of the pig undergoes enhanced growth as well as morphological and functional differentiation during the perinatal period. Concurrently, porcine neonates ingest physiologically significant amounts of insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) via colostrum and milk. The objectives of this study were to examine newborn pig small intestine(More)
Dietary soy intake is associated with protection from breast cancer, but questions persist on the potential risks of the major soy isoflavone genistein (GEN) on female reproductive health. Here, we evaluated intermediate markers of cancer risk in uteri of cycling, young adult Sprague-Dawley rats lifetime exposed to one of three AIN-93G semipurified diets:(More)
Leukaemia inhibitory factor (LIF) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) are candidate embryo-maternal signalling molecules which are present within the uterine luminal micro-environment. We examined the relative expression of the mRNAs encoding LIF and IL-6, as well as the LIF-binding subunit (LIFR-beta) of the LIF receptor and, as a potential downstream(More)
The developmental expression of the individual components of the insulin-like growth factor (IGF) system in pigs was examined. Serum IGF-I and IGF-binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) levels were low during fetal life and increased during postnatal development. Levels of mRNAs encoding these proteins were not greater for liver than for nonhepatic tissues (skeletal(More)
Joining a model for the molecular evolution of a protein family to the paleontological and geological records (geobiology), and then to the chemical structures of substrates, products, and protein folds, is emerging as a broad strategy for generating hypotheses concerning function in a post-genomic world. This strategy expands systems biology to a planetary(More)