Frank A M Kortmann

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OBJECTIVE To review the evidence from empirical studies regarding the validity of 'post-traumatic stress disorder with secondary psychotic features' (PTSD-SP) as a separate diagnostic entity. METHOD The authors performed a review tracing publications between 1980 and January 2008. RESULTS Twenty-four comparative studies were included. These studies(More)
The use of coercive measures in the care for the addicted has changed over the past 20 years. Laws that have adopted the "dangerousness" criterion in order to secure patients' rights to non-intervention are increasingly subjected to critique as many authors plead for wider dangerousness criteria. One of the most salient moral issues at stake is whether(More)
The prescription of growth hormone therapy for children who are not growth hormone deficient is one of the controversies in contemporary paediatric endocrinology. Is it morally appropriate to enhance the growth, by means of medical treatment, of a child wish idiopathic short stature? The medical, moral, and philosophical questions in this area are many.(More)
Psychiatric patients of non-western origin leave treatment against the advice of their clinicians far more often than do their western counterparts. This article presents a theoretical framework for better understanding such clinical cases, developed from examples of psychiatric practice in different cultures. The theory is based on two meanings of the(More)
et al, Psychosis in posttraumatic stress disorder. Posttraumatic stress disorder with secondary psychotic features. A diagnostic validity study among refugees in the Netherlands. Cultural competence in the treatment of political refugees based on system approach. Clinican Neuropsychiatry. Special Issue : 'Cultural competence and trauma: implications for(More)
BACKGROUND Patients of non-Western origin quite often fail to complete their course of treatment. The reasons are generally unclear. aim To suggest ways of tackling the problems in transcultural psychiatric practice. METHOD A theoretical model is presented, derived from clinical practice. The model provides insight into essentials of transcultural(More)
Until the 1970's the universality hypothesis was the leading theory in transcultural psychiatry. Kleinman argued in favour of a more anthropological approach. This was reflected in Appendix I of the DSM IV (Cultural Formulation). More recently the focus of attention has broadened to include interethnic differences and social and community factors that(More)
The neurobiological knowledge on the potentially new diagnostic entity "posttraumatic stress disorder with secondary psychotic features" (PTSD-SP) is reviewed. Studies published between 1980 and 2006 were traced focussing on adult patients suffering from this "syndrome". Studies on cortisol, corticotrophin releasing hormone, dopamine beta-hydroxylase,(More)
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