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The purpose of this study was to examine ethanol's delayed effects (termed hangover) using conditioned place testing. Four groups of rats received a single pairing of a distinctive environment (tactile and visual) 10 h after injection with ethanol (0, 2, 3, 4 g/kg, i.p. ) or saline in a counterbalanced design. Rats receiving 3 and 4 g/kg ethanol showed a(More)
The complex interaction between alcohol and the body's circadian rhythm has become a rapidly expanding area in chronopharmacology. This area has key implications for the field of alcohol research, because understanding alcohol's effects on the body's internal clock will aid scientists in designing medications and behavioral interventions for treating(More)
Although caffeine-phenylethylamine combinations are widely available as over-the-counter medications or as "legal" stimulants, little information is available concerning their behavioral pharmacology or abuse potential. In the present study, rats were trained in a food-reward, two-lever operant drug discrimination paradigm to differentially respond after(More)
Two experiments were conducted to examine the circadian fluctuations in voluntary ethanol (ETOH) consumption in male Sprague-Dawley rats conditioned to consume ETOH in their homecage and exposed to photoperiod phase shifts equivalent to those experienced by humans. Using a maintenance concentration of 20% w/v ETOH, changes in homecage drinking in 42 rats(More)
In Experiment 1, twelve Sprague-Dawley rats were trained in a two-choice food-reinforced drug discrimination task (10-min sessions) using the state-dependent interoceptive stimulus attributes of ethanol's (ETOH) delayed or rebound effects (EDE) versus "normal" basal homeostasis. Rats were injected with either 4 g/kg ETOH or equivalent volumes of saline(More)
Conditioned place preference (CPP) was employed to clarify the reinforcing and locomotor stimulating effects of several doses of cocaine and caffeine (0.32, 1.0, 3.2, 5.6, and 10.0 mg/kg) and to explore the possibility of additive effects between the two drugs. Additionally, the hypothesis that the reinforcing effects of psychostimulants are mediated by the(More)
Rats were trained to discriminate 32 mg/kg caffeine from saline in a two-lever appetitive task. Across a range of caffeine test doses (1-32 mg/kg) rats showed a dose related generalization to the training cue. At intermediate caffeine dose levels, caffeine appeared to produce a more potent cue on tests following saline-training days than after drug-training(More)
Twenty male Sprague-Dawley rats were trained to discriminate pentylenetetrazole (PTZ, 15 mg/kg, intraperitoneally) from saline (SAL) under a drug discrimination procedure. Test sessions were conducted with 10 randomly selected subjects. Tests with various doses of PTZ resulted in a dose-dependent increase in the percentage of total session responses emitted(More)