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The purpose of this study was to examine ethanol's delayed effects (termed hangover) using conditioned place testing. Four groups of rats received a single pairing of a distinctive environment (tactile and visual) 10 h after injection with ethanol (0, 2, 3, 4 g/kg, i.p. ) or saline in a counterbalanced design. Rats receiving 3 and 4 g/kg ethanol showed a(More)
Conditioned place preference (CPP) was employed to clarify the reinforcing and locomotor stimulating effects of several doses of cocaine and caffeine (0.32, 1.0, 3.2, 5.6, and 10.0 mg/kg) and to explore the possibility of additive effects between the two drugs. Additionally, the hypothesis that the reinforcing effects of psychostimulants are mediated by the(More)
In Experiment 1, twelve Sprague-Dawley rats were trained in a two-choice food-reinforced drug discrimination task (10-min sessions) using the state-dependent interoceptive stimulus attributes of ethanol's (ETOH) delayed or rebound effects (EDE) versus "normal" basal homeostasis. Rats were injected with either 4 g/kg ETOH or equivalent volumes of saline(More)
The complex interaction between alcohol and the body's circadian rhythm has become a rapidly expanding area in chronopharmacology. This area has key implications for the field of alcohol research, because understanding alcohol's effects on the body's internal clock will aid scientists in designing medications and behavioral interventions for treating(More)
Two experiments were conducted to examine the circadian fluctuations in voluntary ethanol (ETOH) consumption in male Sprague-Dawley rats conditioned to consume ETOH in their homecage and exposed to photoperiod phase shifts equivalent to those experienced by humans. Using a maintenance concentration of 20% w/v ETOH, changes in homecage drinking in 42 rats(More)
Twenty male Sprague-Dawley rats were trained to discriminate pentylenetetrazole (PTZ, 15 mg/kg, intraperitoneally) from saline (SAL) under a drug discrimination procedure. Test sessions were conducted with 10 randomly selected subjects. Tests with various doses of PTZ resulted in a dose-dependent increase in the percentage of total session responses emitted(More)
The hedonic valence of the interoceptive stimuli associated with a wide range of cocaine doses administered by either SC or intraperitoneal injections was assessed in rats. Ninety-six male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly assigned to different dose- and route-of-administration dependent groups (n = 8/group) and conditioned in a place learning task. During(More)
Sprague-Dawley rats were trained to discriminate between saline (SAL) and an ethanol-nicotine mixture (0.5 g/kg ethanol plus 0.5 mg/kg nicotine) administered 15 min prior to a 15-min drug discrimination training session under a FR-10 schedule of reinforcement. The mixture dose ratio was adjusted after training to obtain a drug mixture with which both(More)
Two groups of male Sprague-Dawley rats received ethanol dose-effect tests for FR30, food-reinforced operant performance, in each of two environmental contexts, before and after a period of daily presession ethanol or saline injections. During the latter period, context alternated daily. The ethanol group received ethanol prior to sessions for one context(More)
BACKGROUND This study focuses on people with complex and severe mental health problems who require inpatient rehabilitation. The majority have a diagnosis of schizophrenia whose recovery has been delayed due to non-response to first-line treatments, cognitive impairment, negative symptoms and co-existing problems such as substance misuse. These problems(More)