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Aggregation of human platelets induced by a variety of agonists was inhibited by 1-[6-[[17 beta-3-methoxyestra-1,3,5(10)-trien-17-yl] amino]hexyl]-1H-pyrrole-2,5-dionel (U-73122) (IC50 values 1-5 microM), but not by the close analog 1-[6-[[17 beta-3-methoxyestra- 1,3,5(10)-trien-17-yl]amino]hexyl]-2,5-pyrrolidine-dione (U-73343) in which pyrrolidinedione(More)
Numerous investigations have shown that COX-2 is a participant in the pathway of colon carcinogenesis, especially when mutation of the APC tumor suppressor is the initiating event. Moreover, it seems that the amount of COX-2 is important, since there is a correlation between its level of expression and the size of the tumors and their propensity to invade(More)
Pharmacological traits of the antineoplastic agent taxol may originate in part from its effects on gene expression and not simply from its effects on microtubule assembly. This prompts three questions. First, how extensive is gene induction by taxol? Second, is gene induction confined to taxol itself, or does it occur with other taxane analogs? Third, do(More)
To fulfill their role in host-defense, granulocytes secrete chemically reactive oxidants, radicals, and electrophilic mediators. While this is an effective way to eradicate pathogenic microbes or parasites, it inevitably exposes epithelium and connective tissue to certain endogenous genotoxic agents. In ordinary circumstances, cells have adequate mechanisms(More)
Taxol and Taxotere propagate apoptosis in Jurkat T cells via molecular signals that coincide with the appearance of two distinct cell populations. Cell cycle arrest in G2-M phase and activation of cell cycle-dependent kinases begin within 2 h and extend to most cells by 16 h. Phosphorylation of Bcl-2 also begins within 2 h and intensifies from 2-16 h. Cell(More)
Cells use redox signaling to adapt to oxidative stress. For instance, certain transcription factors exist in a latent state that may be disrupted by oxidative modifications that activate their transcription potential. We hypothesized that DNA-binding sites (response elements) for redox-sensitive transcription factors may also exist in a latent state,(More)
PURPOSE The nucleoside analog 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine (5-aza-CdR, decitabine) is a potent inhibitor of DNA methylation in vitro. Cellular treatment with this agent induces the re-expression of methylation-silenced genes. It remains unclear to what extent this compound inhibits DNA methylation in vivo. A clinical study was designed to examine the molecular(More)
Induction of genes encoding cytokines or other, unidentified proteins may contribute to the pharmacological effects of taxol. We hypothesized that prostaglandin H synthase-2 (PGHS-2) was one of the unidentified genes induced by taxol. Taxol alone or taxol plus IFN-gamma increased PGE2 formation, PGHS-2 protein expression, and PGHS-2 mRNA expression in RAW(More)