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Because of a dearth of literature, we developed preventive ethics strategies for managing the pregnancies of patients with schizophrenia. Schizophrenia can chronically and variably impair a woman's decisions concerning the management of pregnancy, including the decision about whether to continue the pregnancy through to viability and term. The psychiatrist(More)
Ventriculomegaly was diagnosed in 50 fetuses in the perinatal ultrasound unit of Yale-New Haven Medical Center. The outcomes were elective abortion, 13 (26%); antepartum death, 0 (0%); intrapartum death, 7 (14%); neonatal death within 24 h, 11 (22%); neonatal death after 24 h and within 28 days, 3 (6%); death after 28 days, 2 (4%); survival, 14 (28%). 70%(More)
BACKGROUND Pulmonary embolism (PE) is a leading cause of maternal mortality in the developed world. Along with appropriate prophylaxis and therapy, prevention of death from PE in pregnancy requires a high index of clinical suspicion followed by a timely and accurate diagnostic approach. METHODS To provide guidance on this important health issue, a(More)
Treatment of women patients with chronic mental illness who are at risk of unwanted pregnancies presents ethical challenges to the clinician who wishes to respect the patient's autonomy while also helping her avert the potential adverse consequences of unwanted pregnancy. The clinician who simply allows the patient to continue at risk or coerces her into(More)
The question whether to terminate pregnancy during the third trimester involves a moral conflict. We argue that such termination is morally justifiable if two conditions are fulfilled: first, that the fetus is afflicted with a condition that is either incompatible with postnatal survival for more than a few weeks or characterized by the total or virtual(More)
AIM To evaluate the developmental pattern of fetal hand movements and facial activity and expression during the second and third trimester of pregnancy by four-dimensional ultrasound (4D-US). SUBJECTS AND METHODS A total of 25 fetuses in uncomplicated pregnancies were analyzed; 15 fetuses at 13 to 16 weeks and 10 fetuses at 30 to 33 weeks of gestation(More)
A pregnancy reaching 42 completed weeks (294 days) is defined as postterm (PT). The use of ultrasound in early pregnancy for precise dating significantly reduces the number of PT pregnancies compared to dating based on the last menstrual period. Although the fetal, maternal and neonatal risks increase beyond 41 weeks, there is no conclusive evidence that(More)
OBJECTIVE Our purpose was to test the hypothesis that progress of labor slows as parity exceeds 4 by comparing labor curves of grand multiparous women (para 5 and over) (GMs) with those of nulliparous and lower-parity multiparous women. STUDY DESIGN Retrospective cohorts of spontaneously laboring, vertex-presenting, term GMs who were admitted to two(More)
Major depression, as well as depressive symptoms that do not meet the full diagnostic criteria for a diagnosis of depression, can chronically and variably affect a woman patient's decisions about the management of pregnancy, including the decision about whether to continue a pregnancy. Depression also has potential adverse consequences for the pregnant(More)
Selective reduction was carried out in 46 multifetal pregnancies by means of potassium chloride injection into the pericardial region of the fetus. There were three indications for the procedure: to improve perinatal outcome and to increase the likelihood that a term infant would be born in a multifetal pregnancy (34 women); to allow the birth of a healthy(More)