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Bathymodioline mussels occur in chemosynthesis-based ecosystems such as cold seeps, hydrothermal vents and organic debris worldwide. Their key adaptation to these environments is their association with bacterial endosymbionts which ensure a chemosynthetic primary production based on the oxidation of reduced compounds such as methane and sulfide. We herein(More)
We carried out a 16S rDNA-based molecular survey of the prokaryotic diversity associated with the chitin tubes of the giant vent tubeworm Riftia pachyptila (collected at the East Pacific Rise, 9 degrees N and 13 degrees N). Scanning electron microscopy showed dense microbial populations, particularly on the external surface of the middle and upper tube(More)
Six morphotypes of small mussels (Bivalvia: Mytilidae) were found attached to naturally sunken wood collected in the Bohol Sea (Philippines). These specimens are related to the large Bathymodiolus mussels that are found worldwide at cold seeps and hydrothermal vents. In these habitats, the mytilids harbour sulphur- and methane-oxidizing endosymbionts in(More)
Vestimentiferan tubeworms have no mouth or gut, and the majority of their nutritional requirements are provided by endosymbiotic bacteria that utilize hydrogen sulfide oxidation to fix CO(2) into organic molecules. It has been assumed that all vestimentiferans obtain the sulfide, O(2) and CO(2) needed by the bacteria across the plume (gill) surface, but(More)
The vent shrimps, Mirocaris fortunata and Rimicaris exoculata, live in a highly fluctuating thermal environment and undergo frequent temperature bursts. As a first step in the investigation of the response to heat stress, this work aimed to characterize stress proteins in these two species. Complementary deoxyribonucleic acid (cDNA) clones encoding a 70-kDa(More)
A pluri-disciplinary in situ colonization experiment was performed to study early stages of colonization in deep-sea vent Alvinella spp. worm habitats. Four colonization devices were deployed onto Alvinella spp. colonies of different chimneys of the East-Pacific Rise (EPR 13 degrees N), for two different periods: a short (less than a week) and a longer one(More)
In this study, our goal was to test whether typical vent/seep organisms harbouring symbionts or not, would be able to settle on organic substrates deployed in the vicinity of chemosynthetic ecosystems. Since 2006, a series of novel standardized colonization devices (CHEMECOLI: CHEMosynthetic Ecosystem COlonization by Larval Invertebrates) filled with three(More)
Large organic falls to the benthic environment, such as dead wood or whale bones, harbour organisms relying on sulfide-oxidizing symbionts. Nothing is known however, concerning sulfide enrichment at the wood surface and its relation to wood colonization by sulfide-oxidizing symbiotic organisms. In this study we combined in situ hydrogen sulfide and pH(More)
Dual endosymbioses involving methane- and sulphur-oxidizing bacteria occur in the gills of several species of mussels from deep-sea hydrothermal vents and cold seeps. Variations of total and relative abundances of symbionts depending on local environmental parameters are not yet understood, due to a lack of reliable quantification of bacteria in the host(More)