Francois de Ribaupierre

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The mammalian inner ear contains two sensory organs, the cochlea and vestibule. Their sensory neuroepithelia are characterized by a mosaic of hair cells and supporting cells. Cochlear hair cells differentiate in four rows: a single row of inner hair cells (IHCs) and three rows of outer hair cells (OHCs). Recent studies have shown that Math1, a mammalian(More)
Single unit spike trains were recorded in the auditory cortex (n = 78) and in the auditory thalamus (n = 55) of nitrous oxide anesthetized cats. The electrophysiological activity was studied before and during the application of pentobarbital (P, 7 mg/kg), ketamine (K, 12 mg/kg) and a mixture of these anesthetics (KP). The units were characterized during the(More)
The response properties to clicks, noise and tone bursts of 2152 single units located in the ventral division of the medial geniculate body were analysed as a function of their anatomical position. A particular spatial distribution of these properties was observed in the pars lateralis (LV) and ovoidea (OV). The distribution of different response(More)
The development of the mammalian cochlea is an example of patterning in the peripheral nervous system. Sensory hair cells and supporting cells in the cochlea differentiate via regional and cell fate specification. The Notch signaling components shows both distinct and overlapping expression patterns of Notch1 receptor and its ligands Jagged1 (Jag1) and(More)
Hearing loss can be caused by a variety of insults, including acoustic trauma and exposure to ototoxins, that principally effect the viability of sensory hair cells via the MAP kinase (MAPK) cell death signaling pathway that incorporates c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK). We evaluated the otoprotective efficacy of D-JNKI-1, a cell permeable peptide that blocks(More)
In this paper we studied the morphology and spatial distribution of corticothalamic axons and terminals originating from the auditory cortical fields of the cat. The anterograde tracer biocytin was injected at electrophysiologically characterized loci in the primary (AI) (N = 2), anterior (AAF) (N = 1), posterior (PAF) (N = 1) and secondary (AII) (N = 2)(More)
1. Extracellular recordings from 153 single units were obtained in the auditory part of the reticular nucleus (RE) of the thalamus of anesthetized cats. 2. In absence of acoustic stimulation, the majority of RE units (75%) had a spontaneous activity characterized by bursts of spikes lasting over 30 ms, alternating with isolated discharges; in contrast, only(More)
Afferents from the reticular complex of the thalamus (RE) to the subdivisions of the medial geniculate body (MGB) in the cat were studied by retrograde axonal transport of horseradish peroxidase injected in sites where single unit responses to tones had been characterized. All MGB subdivisions studied received afferents from the same region of RE(More)
Microelectrode recordings were simultaneously performed at multiple sites in the medial geniculate body (MGB) of anesthetized cats, rats and guinea pigs. We studied the effect of cortical deactivation on the association of neural activity within the thalamus during spontaneous activity. The corticofugal influence was suppressed by temporary cooling of the(More)