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The mutant mouse strain Jimpy is characterized by a deficiency of myelin formation throughout the C.N.S. The cause of this hypomyelination is unknown. Based on previous reports, astrocytes, axons and oligodendrocytes are all altered, but no single cell type can be unequivocally defined as the primary target. Jimpy and age-matched normal mice were(More)
Recent studies of the visual system of animal species that live in a subterranean environment show not only regressive but also progressive morphological features. In this regard the aim of the present investigation is to describe the structural organisation of the eye and optic nerve of the adult Cape mole-rat, with special emphasis on both glial cell(More)
BACKGROUND Biological control methods are once again being given much research focus for malaria vector control. This is largely due to the emerging threat of strong resistance to pesticides. Larvivorous fish have been used for over 100 years in mosquito control and many species have proved effective. In the western Kenyan highlands the larvivorous fish(More)
During the active phase of myelination in myelin-deficient mutant mice (mld), myelin basic protein (MBP) synthesis is defective and the myelin lamellae are uncompacted. In these mutants, we found a fast metabolism of the myelin-associated glycoprotein (MAG) and of sulfatides, and the presence of cholesterol esters and a degradation product of MAG, dMAG,(More)
BACKGROUND Numerous malaria epidemics have occurred in western Kenya, with increasing frequency over the past 20 years. A variety of hypotheses on the etiology of these epidemics have been put forth, with different implications for surveillance and control. We investigated the ecological and socioeconomic factors promoting highland malaria vectors in the(More)
The optic nerve consists of axons, glia, and undifferentiated cells; neuronal cell bodies are absent. To study the developmental potential of glia and precursor cells in vitro, we devised an original, long-term culture system of optic nerve explants, called minisegments, of newborn rats; at this stage the nerves are composed of naked axons, astrocytes, and(More)
To localize basic protein (BP) in the lamellar structure of central and peripheral myelin, we perfused newborn and 7-11-day rat pups with a phosphate-buffered fixative that contained 4% paraformaldehyde and 0.05 or 0.2% glutaraldehyde. Teased, longitudinally split or "brush" preparations of optic and trigeminal nerves were made by gently teasing apart(More)
Aggregate cultures of mixed glial cells, as well as of enriched astrocytes and oligodendrocytes were prepared, and maintained in serum-free medium for up to 25 days. Biochemical measurements of both neuron-specific and glia-specific enzyme activities showed that these three types of aggregate cultures were virtually devoid of neurons. Astrocyte-enriched(More)
Biochemical and immunocytochemical investigations have shown that myelin-associated glycoprotein (MAG) is exclusively related to myelin and myelin-forming cells in mammals. In the present study it was found that dorsal root ganglia in young chickens display MAG-immunoreactive material in most small sensory neurons. The presence of MAG at the surface of(More)
The question of whether the development of CNS glial cells requires the presence of axons or not can be studied with in vitro systems. In order to compare the differentiation of glial cells during development in vitro with that in situ, we have selected the optic nerve, which is anatomically as well as histotypically a well defined structure. For the in(More)