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PURPOSE We determined the cancer control provided by nephron sparing surgery for renal cell carcinoma greater than 4 cm. MATERIALS AND METHODS We performed a retrospective review of data on patients treated between 1980 and 2005. The case characteristics analyzed were patient age, surgical procedure, intraoperative parameters, complications, tumor size,(More)
The ability of a bovine embryo to develop to the blastocyst stage, to implant and to generate a healthy offspring is not a simple process. To clarify the importance of the contribution of the oocyte to the embryo quality, it is important to define more precisely the different types of competence expressed by oocytes. The ability to resume meiosis, to cleave(More)
Gap-junctional communication (GJC) plays a central role in oocyte growth. However, little is known about the regulation of connexin 43 (Cx43)-based gap-junction channels in cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs) during in vitro maturation. We show that rupture of COCs from mural granulosa cells up-regulates Cx43-mediated GJC and that gonadotropins signal GJC(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the cancer control afforded by radical prostatectomy in patients who underwent either an open, laparoscopic, or robotic procedure for localized prostate cancer. METHODS We collected data on all patients treated between 2000 and 2004. We recorded age, BMI, PSA, Gleason score and 2002 TNM stage, type of surgery, perioperative(More)
It is generally accepted that cyclic nucleotides are key signaling molecules in the control of oocyte meiotic resumption. Given the role of phosphodiesterases (PDEs) in cyclic nucleotide degradation, this study was undertaken to investigate the properties and regulation of PDEs expressed in rat oocytes. Cilostamide-sensitive PDE3 was the major activity(More)
In eukaryotic cells, the inactivation of the cyclic nucleotide signal depends on a complex array of cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterases (PDEs). Although it has been established that multiple PDE isoenzymes with distinct catalytic properties and regulations coexist in the same cell, the physiological significance of this remarkable complexity is poorly(More)
Angiogenesis has an important role in the progression of solid tumors. Therefore, we measured the blood levels (ELISA) of angiogenic factors [basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), hepatocyte growth factor/scatter factor, and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)] and soluble adhesion molecules [E-selectin, intercellular adhesion molecule (ICAM-1),(More)
Cytosolic sulfotransferases (SULT) are involved in detoxification pathways. A functional polymorphism in the SULT1A1 gene, leading to an Arg213His substitution (SULT1A1*2), is thought to confer susceptibility to various types of cancer. Upper urinary tract urothelial cell carcinomas (UUT-UCC) are rare (5% of all urothelial carcinomas). We genotyped 268(More)
OBJECTIVE To validate 5 language versions (French, Dutch, German, English and Danish) of CONTILIFE, a urinary incontinence-specific measure of Quality of Life (QoL). METHODS CONTILIFE was administered to Belgian, Danish, English, French, German, and Dutch women with genuine stress incontinence. The internal consistency, the construct and clinical(More)
The normopotassic solution SCOT (Macopharma, France) used for the isolation of the islets of Langerhans may improve both graft function and survival. We believe that this is due to the immunoprotective properties of polyethyleneglycol (PEG) (20 kDa; 1.5 mM/L), which is contained in this solution. However, the optimal PEG chain length remains to be(More)