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Previously, we demonstrated i) that ergocalciferol (vitamin D2) increases axon diameter and potentiates nerve regeneration in a rat model of transected peripheral nerve and ii) that cholecalciferol (vitamin D3) improves breathing and hyper-reflexia in a rat model of paraplegia. However, before bringing this molecule to the clinic, it was of prime importance(More)
Evidence for the presence of the vitamin D receptor in brain implies this vitamin may have some function in this organ. This study investigates whether vitamin D(3) acts during brain development. We demonstrate that rats born to vitamin D(3)-deficient mothers had profound alterations in the brain at birth. The cortex was longer but not wider, the lateral(More)
There is now clear evidence that vitamin D is involved in brain development. Our group is interested in environmental factors that shape brain development and how this may be relevant to neuropsychiatric diseases including schizophrenia. The origins of schizophrenia are considered developmental. We hypothesised that developmental vitamin D (DVD) deficiency(More)
Published reports of neurotrophin expression in the olfactory system are incomplete because of missing data and conflicting results. Previous studies used a variety of fixation procedures and antibodies on different species and different ages. The aim of the present study was to examine expression of neurotrophins and their receptors using optimized(More)
OBJECTIVE This is an overview of the cellular biology of upper nasal mucosal cells that have special characteristics that enable them to be used to diagnose and study congenital neurological diseases and to aid neural repair. STUDY DESIGN After mapping the distribution of neural cells in the upper nose, the authors' investigations moved to the use of(More)
Bromocriptine or other dopamine agonists are usually effective for the treatment of prolactin-secreting adenomas. Five to 18% of prolactinomas, however, do not respond to such therapy. We have shown previously that such resistance to bromocriptine correlates with reduced binding to the D2 receptor subtype of dopamine, the major PRL inhibiting factor. In the(More)
We previously demonstrated that vitamin D₂ (ergocalciferol) triggers axon regeneration in a rat model of peripheral nerve transection. In order to confirm the regenerative potential of this neuroactive steroid, we performed a study in which vitamin D₃ (cholecalciferol) was delivered at various doses to paralytic rats. After spinal cord compression at the(More)
In a previous study, we demonstrated that mouse adult F(1) offspring, exposed to a vitamin D deficiency during pregnancy, developed a less severe and delayed Experimental Autoimmune Encephalomyelitis (EAE), when compared with control offspring. We then wondered whether a similar response was observed in the subsequent generation. To answer this question, we(More)
INTRODUCTION Nerve injury compromises sensory and motor functions. Techniques of peripheral nerve repair are based on our knowledge regarding regeneration. Microsurgical techniques introduced in the late 1950s and widely developed for the past 20 years have improved repairs. However, functional recovery following a peripheral mixed nerve injury is still(More)