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We have studied the effects of a variety of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) antagonists acting at different sites of the NMDA receptor complex on NMDA-induced currents in Xenopus oocytes expressing heteromeric NR1A/NR2 and NR1A/NR2B receptors. The polyamine site antagonists eliprodil (IC50 = 3.0 microM) and ifenprodil (IC50 = 0.27 microM) antagonized NMDA(More)
We present herein the cloning of the human nicotinic acetylcholine receptor alpha9-ortholog and the identification of a new alpha-like subunit (alpha10) that shares 58% identity with alpha9. Whereas alpha10 fails to produce functional receptors alone, it promoted robust acetylcholine-evoked currents when coinjected with alpha9. The presence of alpha10(More)
(5aS,8S,10aR)-5a,6,9,10-Tetrahydro,7H,11H-8,10a-methanopyrido[2',3':5,6]pyrano[2,3-d]azepine (SSR591813) is a novel compound that binds with high affinity to the rat and human alpha4beta2 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) subtypes (Ki = 107 and 36 nM, respectively) and displays selectivity for the alpha4beta2 nAChR (Ki, human alpha3beta4 > 1000,(More)
In this paper, we report on the pharmacological and functional profile of SSR180711 (1,4-Diazabicyclo[3.2.2]nonane-4-carboxylic acid, 4-bromophenyl ester), a new selective alpha7 acetylcholine nicotinic receptor (n-AChRs) partial agonist. SSR180711 displays high affinity for rat and human alpha7 n-AChRs (K(i) of 22+/-4 and 14+/-1 nM, respectively). Ex vivo(More)
In our pursuit to identify selective ligands for Bz/GABA(A) receptor subtypes, a novel pyrazolo[1,5-a]pyrimidine derivative (4), the azaisostere of zolpidem, was synthesized and evaluated in vitro on bovine brain homogenate and on recombinant benzodiazepine receptors (alphaxbeta2/3gamma2, x = 1-3, 5) expressed in HEK293 cells. Compound 4 displayed affinity(More)
gamma-aminobutyric acid type A (GABAA) receptors comprise a subfamily of ligand-gated ion channels whose activity can be modulated by ligands acting at the benzodiazepine binding site on the receptor. The benzodiazepine binding site was characterized using a site-directed mutagenesis strategy in which amino acids of the alpha5 subunit were substituted by(More)
Using [3H]flumazenil as a probe we investigated how benzodiazepine site pharmacology of alpha beta gamma ternary combinations of GABAA receptors can be influenced upon expression of different isoforms of alpha, beta and gamma subunits. The nature of the beta subunit did not alter the pharmacology of this site in that the affinities of alpha 5-containing(More)
The molecular composition of the nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) located on dopaminergic neurons and modulating their activity is unclear. Using the reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction we have analyzed the mRNA for nAChR subunits expressed in the substantia nigra (SN) and ventral tegmental area (VTA) following unilateral(More)
Astroblasts from brain of newborn rat can survive and even proliferate to some extent in a chemically defined medium containing no other growth factor than insulin, providing they are grown first in the presence of fetal calf serum for at least 4 days (Weibel et al., 1984, Int. J. devl Neurosci. 2, 355-366). We found that thrombin is a potent mitogen for(More)
The effects of platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) on the proliferation of isolated rat neural cells grown in serum-free chemically defined media have been investigated. It was found that PDGF drastically stimulates the proliferation of astroblasts and oligodendroblasts, but has no effect on the proliferation of neuroblasts in primary culture. A role of(More)