Learn More
Orthostatic hypotension (OH) may be dependent upon various neurogenic and non-neurogenic disorders and conditions. Neurogenic causes include the main autonomic failure syndromes, primary (multiple system atrophy, pure autonomic failure, and autonomic failure associated with Parkinson's disease) and secondary (central nervous system diseases, peripheral(More)
BACKGROUND Aldosterone plays a detrimental role on the cardiovascular system and PA patients display a higher risk of events compared with EH. OBJECTIVES The objectives of the study were to compare cardio- and cerebrovascular events in patients with primary aldosteronism (PA) and matched essential hypertension (EH). METHODS We retrospectively compared(More)
Primary aldosteronism is a specifically treatable and potentially curable form of secondary hypertension. The aldosterone/plasma renin activity ratio (ARR) is routinely used as a screening test. Antihypertensive therapy can interfere with the interpretation of this parameter, but a correct washout period can be potentially harmful. We have investigated the(More)
PURPOSE The aim of the study was to define the frequency of hereditary forms and the genotype/phenotype correlations in a large cohort of Italian patients with pheochromocytomas and/or functional or nonfunctional paragangliomas. DESIGN We examined 501 consecutive patients with pheochromocytomas and/or paragangliomas (secreting or nonsecreting). Complete(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the cardiovascular autonomic function in pediatric obesity of different duration by using standard time domain, spectral heart rate variability (HRV), and nonlinear methods. RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES Fifty obese children (13.9 +/- 1.7 years) were compared with 12 lean subjects (12.9 +/- 1.6 years). Obese children were(More)
Primary aldosteronism is characterised by the dysregulation of aldosterone production and comprises both sporadic forms, caused by an aldosterone-producing adenoma or bilateral adrenal hyperplasia, and familial forms (familial hyperaldosteronism types I, II and III). The two principal physiological regulators of aldosterone synthesis are angiotensin II and(More)
In the human adrenal cortex, cortisol and aldosterone are synthesized by the isozymes 11beta-hydroxylase and aldosterone synthase, respectively, encoded by the 93% identical CYP11B1 and CYP11B2 genes. In vitro mutagenesis of CYP11B1 complementary DNA, resulting in the replacement of CYP11B1 codons by those encoding the corresponding amino acid residues of(More)
The use of retinal photography in clinical practice and research has substantially increased the knowledge about the epidemiology, natural history and significance of diabetic and hypertensive retinopathy. Early retinopathy signs, including retinal microaneurysms, blot hemorrhages, cotton-wool spots and hard exudates, are common vascular abnormalities found(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Several epidemiological studies have suggested a link between low birth weight and coronary heart disease; this may be partly due to the association between low birth weight and conventional risk factors. Among the factors involved in the regulation of cardiovascular homeostasis, baroreflexes play a crucial role. The objective of the(More)
Different types of statistical methods have been used for circadian blood pressure (BP) rhythm analysis in secondary forms of hypertension. In the present study, we used the two-step statistical approach by Fourier analysis with four harmonics for the parametrization of the diurnal BP pattern in secondary hypertension. In 43 essential hypertensives (EH),(More)