Learn More
In previous studies we demonstrated that insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) induces pituitary vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) gene expression and secretion, and that IGF-I-induced prolactin (PRL) release is mediated by VIP. In this study, we investigate the mitotropic action of IGF-I and VIP on pituitary lactotropes, and their possible interplay in(More)
There has been increasing experimental evidence to suggest that insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-I) may be one of the essential regulators in the reproductive system of the rat. IGF-I is synthesized in the hypothalamus and IGF-I immunoreactivity increases during puberty. Consequently we hypothesized that centrally located IGF-I might contribute to the(More)
To define the role of GH during central nervous system development, we performed studies in cultured rat cerebral cortical cells from 14- (E14) and 17-d-old embryos (E17). The expression of GH receptor, IGF-I receptor, and IGF-I mRNAs was confirmed. In E17, GH increased total cell number (3.9-fold), [(3)H]-thymidine incorporation (3.5-fold), proliferating(More)
There is extensive evidence that serotonin (5-HT) is implicated in the neuroendocrine control regulating the secretion of several anterior pituitary hormones. It has also been reported that the posterior pituitary is necessary for prolactin (PRL) response to 5-HT as well as to suckling, in which 5-HT implication has been demonstrated. As we have previously(More)
Insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) is a potent inducer of oligodendrocyte development and myelination. Although IGF-I intracellular signaling has been well described in several cell types, intracellular mechanisms for IGF-I-induced oligodendrocyte development have not been defined. By using specific inhibitors of intracellular signaling pathways, we(More)
Two-day-old male rats received a subcutaneous injection of arginine-vasopressin (AVP) antiserum and avoidance behaviour was studied 3 months later. Rats treated with the antiserum showed a clear retention deficit in a one-trial learning, step-through passive avoidance situation. Anti-AVP treatment also induced an impairment on the acquisition of a two-way(More)
Previous studies have shown that BDNF promotes expression of SS. In earlier studies we demonstrated the stimulatory effect of locally produced VIP upon SS secretion. These facts led us to explore the peptidergic action of BDNF on VIP, and to determine if BDNF-induced SS might be mediated by the induction of VIP. Cultured fetal rat cerebrocortical cells were(More)
In previous studies we demonstrated that IGF-I induces proliferation of pituitary lactotrophs. In addition to its mitotrophic actions, IGF-I is known to prevent apoptosis induced by diverse stimuli in several cell types. In this study, we investigated the action of IGF-I on pituitary cell survival and the intracellular signaling transduction pathway(More)
GH appears to play an important metabolic role during late pregnancy and in lactation maintenance. In this study, pregnant (days 8, 15, and 20 of gestation) and postpartum (days 3 and 8 postpartum, including lactating and nonlactating dams) Wistar rats were used to investigate pituitary GH gene expression and hormone secretion, and the potential alterations(More)
Insulin-like growth factor I (IFG-I) was localized by light and electron microscopic immunocytochemistry in the adult rat cerebellum. Neurons showing the same cytological characteristics and pattern of synaptic input as Purkinje cells were IGF-I immunoreactive. In these neurons, intense electron-dense reaction product was consistently located in the rough(More)