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We took advantage of overlapping interstitial deletions at chromosome 8p11-p12 in two individuals with contiguous gene syndromes and defined an interval of roughly 540 kb associated with a dominant form of Kallmann syndrome, KAL2. We establish here that loss-of-function mutations in FGFR1 underlie KAL2 whereas a gain-of-function mutation in FGFR1 has been(More)
The effects of recombinant human insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) on both vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) and PRL production and gene expression were studied using rat anterior pituitary cell cultures grown in serum-free defined medium. We also examined whether pituitary VIP could be involved in the PRL response to IGF-I and hence in a paracrine(More)
IGF-I has been demonstrated to stimulate basal and GnRH-induced gonadotropin release. IGF-I also elicites alpha-subunit secretion in human pituitary tumor cells. The aims of this study were to evaluate both the effect of IGF-I on gonadotropin LH-beta and FSH-beta mRNA levels and glycoprotein alpha-subunit gene expression in cultured rat anterior pituitary(More)
In previous studies we demonstrated that insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) induces pituitary vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) gene expression and secretion, and that IGF-I-induced prolactin (PRL) release is mediated by VIP. In this study, we investigate the mitotropic action of IGF-I and VIP on pituitary lactotropes, and their possible interplay in(More)
In previous studies we demonstrated that IGF-I induces proliferation of pituitary lactotrophs. In addition to its mitotrophic actions, IGF-I is known to prevent apoptosis induced by diverse stimuli in several cell types. In this study, we investigated the action of IGF-I on pituitary cell survival and the intracellular signaling transduction pathway(More)
Thyroid hormone effects on pituitary ACTH have not been well established. Adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were rendered hypo- and hyperthyroid while undergoing treatment with 6-Propylthiouracil (PTU) and L-Thyroxine (T4). At the time of decapitation, plasma values for T4 (micrograms/100 ml) were 3.9 +/- 0.4 in the control, 17.3 +/- 2.2 in the T4 and less(More)
GH appears to play an important metabolic role during late pregnancy and in lactation maintenance. In this study, pregnant (days 8, 15, and 20 of gestation) and postpartum (days 3 and 8 postpartum, including lactating and nonlactating dams) Wistar rats were used to investigate pituitary GH gene expression and hormone secretion, and the potential alterations(More)
The neuropeptide somatostatin (SS) plays a role as a modulator of cognitive functions and as a potential tropic factor in the central nervous system. A reduction in SS levels has been demonstrated in the aging brain and in dementia. In addition, insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) acts as a paracrine factor in multiple GH actions and is also found in the(More)
GH secretion declines with age in rats and humans and a reduction in GH gene expression has been demonstrated in aging rats. GH secretion also diminishes in obesity; thus, the aim of this study was to determine whether GH decrease in aging rats is due to body weight gain or to aging. Three groups of male Wistar rats of different ages were studied (young, 3(More)
To define the role of GH during central nervous system development, we performed studies in cultured rat cerebral cortical cells from 14- (E14) and 17-d-old embryos (E17). The expression of GH receptor, IGF-I receptor, and IGF-I mRNAs was confirmed. In E17, GH increased total cell number (3.9-fold), [(3)H]-thymidine incorporation (3.5-fold), proliferating(More)