Franco Patrone

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The clinical use of doxorubicin, a highly active anticancer drug, is limited by its severe cardiotoxic side effects. Increased oxidative stress and apoptosis have been implicated in the cardiotoxicity of doxorubicin. Carvedilol is an adrenergic blocking agent with potent anti-oxidant activity. In this study we investigated whether carvedilol has protective(More)
Nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (Nampt) inhibitors such as FK866 are potent inhibitors of NAD(+) synthesis that show promise for the treatment of different forms of cancer. Based on Nampt upregulation in activated T lymphocytes and on preliminary reports of lymphopenia in FK866 treated patients, we have investigated FK866 for its capacity to(More)
Human neutrophils activated by phorbol myristate acetate were cytotoxic to ox erythrocytes, as determined by the 51Cr release method. Maximal cytolysis was obtained with a phorbol myristate acetate concentration of 5 ng/ml and with an effector to target cell ratio of 1:4. An intact neutrophil metabolic burst and production of oxygen-derived-free radicals(More)
Cytokine secretion by cancer cells contributes to cancer-induced symptoms and angiogenesis. Studies show that the sirtuin SIRT6 promotes inflammation by enhancing TNF expression. Here, we aimed to determine whether SIRT6 is involved in conferring an inflammatory phenotype to cancer cells and to define the mechanisms linking SIRT6 to inflammation. We show(More)
PURPOSE Histone deacetylases (HDAC) modulate gene transcription and chromatin assembly by modifying histones at the posttranscriptional level. HDAC inhibitors have promising antitumor activity and are presently explored in clinical studies. Cumulating evidence in animal models of immune disorders also suggests immunosuppressive properties for these small(More)
In cancer patients, the ability to detect disseminated tumour cells in peripheral blood or bone marrow could improve prognosis and consent both early detection of metastatic disease and monitoring of the efficacy of systemic therapy. These objectives remain elusive mainly due to the lack of specific genetic markers for solid tumours. The use of surrogate(More)
We studied the safety, activity and peripheral blood progenitor cell mobilizing capability of a dose-dense combination of vinorelbine (VNB) and paclitaxel (PTX) as first-line chemotherapy for patients with metastatic breast cancer (MBC). Forty-three MBC patients were submitted to four cycles of VNB 30 mg/m2 and PTX 175 mg/m2 intravenously, every 2 weeks, as(More)
AIMS Nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (Nampt) is a key enzyme for nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD(+)) biosynthesis, and recent evidence indicates its role in inflammatory processes. Here, we investigated the potential effects of pharmacological Nampt inhibition with FK866 in a mouse myocardial ischemia/reperfusion model. In vivo and ex vivo(More)
Proteasome inhibitors exhibit antitumor activity against malignancies of different histology. Yet, the mechanisms underlying this effect are poorly understood. Recent evidence indicates that antiapoptotic factors may also accumulate as a consequence of exposure to these drugs, possibly reducing their cytotoxicity. These include the Bcl-2 family member(More)
OBJECTIVE The nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (Nampt) inhibitor APO866 depletes intracellular nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD(+)) and shows promising anticancer activity in preclinical studies. Tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) binds to plasma membrane receptors DR4 and DR5 and induces apoptosis via caspase-8 and(More)