Franco Papola

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We explored the spatial distribution of human Y chromosomal diversity on a microgeographic scale, by typing 30 population samples from closely spaced locations in Italy and Greece for 9 haplogroups and their internal microsatellite variation. We confirm a significant difference in the composition of the Y chromosomal gene pools of the two countries.(More)
This study investigated the impact of specific cytokine genotypes on the incidence of acute rejection episodes (ARE), chronic graft dysfunction (CGD), and anti-HLA donor-specific antibody (DS-Ab) production in 86 renal transplant recipients and 70 cadaveric donors. A PCR-SSP method was performed for the analysis of polymorphisms in TNF-alpha, IL-6,(More)
UNLABELLED Eighty patients with high-risk hematologic malignancies underwent unmanipulated, G-CSF–primed BM transplantation from an haploidentical family donor. Patients were transplanted in first or second complete remission (CR, standard-risk: n =45) or in > second CR or active disease (high-risk: n =35). The same regimen for GVHD prophylaxis was used in(More)
Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) is the prototype of a postinfectious autoimmune neuropathy. Molecular mimicry between glycolipid antigens expressed by an infective antigen such as Campylobacter jejuni and the human peripheral nerve has been hypothesized to be the causative mechanism of GBS. However, only 1/1000 of C. jejuni enteritis develops GBS. This(More)
CD1 is a small family comprising 5 MHC-like genes located on chromosome 1 and encoding glycoproteins termed CD1a, CD1b, CD1c, CD1d and CD1e. They are expressed mainly on the surface of dendritic cells, monocytes and some thymocytes and are specialized in presenting lipid antigens to T lymphocytes. The structure is similar to that of MHC class I molecules(More)
HLA typing of 100 Type 1 diabetic patients from the Rome area confirmed the strong association with DR3 and DR4 and the prevalence of DR3/4 heterozygotes. However, DR5 rather than DR2 showed a significantly negative association.
In order to attain a finer reconstruction of the peopling of southern and central-eastern Europe from the Levant, we determined the frequencies of eight lineages internal to the Y chromosomal haplogroup J, defined by biallelic markers, in 22 population samples obtained with a fine-grained sampling scheme. Our results partially resolve a major multifurcation(More)
In this work we focus on a microsatellite-defined Y-chromosomal lineage (network 1.2) identified by us and reported in previous studies, whose geographic distribution and antiquity appear to be compatible with the Neolithic spread of farmers. Here, we set network 1.2 in the Y-chromosomal phylogenetic tree, date it with respect to other lineages associated(More)
HLA-DR2 haplotype and DQ1 DNA alleles, characterizing 90 to 100% of all narcoleptic patients, were found to be equally distributed in 20 Parkinson's disease (PD) patients with early hallucinations, rapid eye movement (REM) sleep-related behaviour disturbances (RBD), and sleep onset in REM (SOREM), and in 20 PD patients without hallucinations, despite 10 to(More)