Franco Paparo

Learn More
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Coeliac disease (CD) is a multifactorial disorder which has an autoimmune component characterised by the occurrence of disease specific autoreactive antibodies against the enzyme tissue transglutaminase (tTG). The aim of this study was to investigate whether binding of antibodies to the enzyme influences tTG activity. METHODS tTG(More)
BACKGROUND Gliadins, a family of wheat proteins, are central to the pathogenesis of celiac disease (CD). In addition to 'immunogenic' effects, gliadin directly affects cultured cells and intestine preparations, and produces damage in vivo, via a separate 'toxic' peptide, such as A-gliadin p31-43 (P31-43). AIMS Understanding the molecular mechanisms(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS We adopted the twin method to disentangle the genetic and environmental components of susceptibility to coeliac disease (CD). We estimated disease concordance rate by zygosity and HLA genotypes, discordance times, progression rates to disease, and heritability. METHODS We crosslinked the Italian Twin Registry with the membership lists(More)
The occurrence of autoimmune thyroid disorders among patients with coeliac disease (CD) is well documented, but the exact prevalence of CD among patients with autoimmune thyroid diseases (ATD) is as yet unclear. We screened 150 newly diagnosed patients with ATD by serum endomysial antibody detection (EmA). In 5 subjects (3.3%) EmA positivity was found; all(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS The genetic load in coeliac disease has hitherto been inferred from case series or anecdotally referred twin pairs. We have evaluated the genetic component in coeliac disease by estimating the concordance rate for the disease among twin pairs in a large population based study. METHODS The Italian Twin Registry was matched with the(More)
Under the umbrella of coeliac disease (CD), or gluten-sensitive enteropathy, the concepts of silent, latent and potential CD have recently been introduced. While silent CD is marked by severe damage to the jejunal mucosa in the absence of clinical symptoms, both latent and potential CD are characterized by jejunal mucosa that would be reported as normal by(More)
BACKGROUND Studies on intestinal T cell clones from the mucosa of patients with coeliac disease have led to the identification of immunogenic gliadin epitopes. One is HLA-DQ8 restricted, its recognition by T cells being increased by introduction of negatively charged residues operated by tissue transglutaminase. AIM To test HLA-DQ8 restricted epitope in(More)
Anti-tissue transglutaminase 2 (anti-TG2) antibodies are present in the serum of the great majority of untreated coeliac disease (CD) patients. They are produced and deposited in the small intestinal mucosa. Potential CD patients present serum anti-TG2 antibodies higher than cut-off, but a normal duodenal mucosa where mucosal deposits of anti-TG2 are not(More)
BACKGROUND In a previous hospital based study, we suggested that undiagnosed coeliac disease has a prevalence, among pregnant women, of 1:80, and is a cause of unfavourable outcome of pregnancy. AIMS In order to confirm or dismiss this hypothesis, which has significant public health implications, we carried out a large population based study on a(More)
Temporomandibular joint disorders (TMD) is a collective term used to describe pathologic conditions involving temporomandibular joint (TMJ), masticatory muscles and associated structures. Common related complaints include local pain, limited mouth opening and TMJ noises whereas symptoms often associated to TMD with debated pathogenesis enclose earache,(More)