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Flavonoids are a class of polyphenolic compounds widely distributed in the plant kingdom, which display a variety of biological activities, including chemoprevention and tumor growth inhibition. Our aim was to investigate the effects of several polyphenols on the growth and metastatic potential of B16-BL6 melanoma cells in vivo. Intraperitoneal(More)
OBJECTIVES Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) seems to be involved in critical steps of cancer onset and progression. Abnormalities of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and Her-2/neu have been actively investigated in ovarian cancer and associated with unfavorable clinical outcome. The involvement of COX-2 in ErbB family pathways has been proposed. We(More)
Two cases of papillary cystic tumor (PCT) of the pancreas were investigated for the presence of estrogen receptors (ERs) and progesterone receptors (PgRs). Both PCT and normal pancreas are able to specifically bind 3H-estradiol. This binding almost exclusively results from the presence of high levels of type II ER, whereas type I ERs were absent or present(More)
The pro-inflammatory phenotype accompanying melanoma progression includes an enhanced expression of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), which plays an important role in the acquisition of apoptosis resistance, and is a suitable target for melanoma prevention and therapy. We observed that the WM266-4 metastatic melanoma cell line showed a constitutive COX-2 expression(More)
We have performed in parallel, in 19 children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia, a quantitative determination of glucocorticoid levels, in vitro steroid induced inhibition of nucleic acid precursors, and a short-term clinical trial of corticosteroids alone, before the treatment was given, which included corticosteroids and other drugs. From our results it(More)
BACKGROUND Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) expression is associated with aggressive clinicopathological parameters and unfavourable prognosis in several human malignancies. The aim of this study was to investigate the expression of COX-2 and its association with clinicopathological parameters, response to treatment, and clinical outcome in ovarian cancer patients.(More)
n-3 Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) inhibit the development of microvessels in mammary tumors growing in mice. Human colorectal tumors produce vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) whose expression is up-regulated in tumor cells by both cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and PGE(2) and directly correlated to neoangiogenesis and clinical outcome. The goal of(More)
This is the first report demonstrating a relationship between apoptosis induction and changes of intracellular redox potential in the growth-inhibitory effects of high concentrations of beta-carotene in a tumor cell line. beta-Carotene inhibited the growth of human WiDr colon adenocarcinoma cells in a dose- and time-dependent manner, induced apoptosis, and(More)
It has been demonstrated that the flavonoid quercetin (3,3′,4′,5,7-pentahydroxyflavone; Q) inhibits the growth of several cancer cell lines. There is evidence suggesting that the antiproliferative activity of this substance is mediated by the so-called type II estrogen-binding, site (type II EBS). We looked for the presence of type II EBS and the effect of(More)
BACKGROUND Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) is overexpressed in endometrial hyperplasia and carcinoma, but no data have been reported until now about the expression of COX-2 and its possible clinical significance in endometrial carcinoma. We investigated by immunohistochemistry the expression of COX-2 in a single institutional series of primary untreated(More)