Franco M. Cabrerizo

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The photochemistry of norharmane (9H-pyrido[3,4-b]indole) in acidic (pH 5.0+/-0.1) and alkaline (pH 10.0+/-0.1) aqueous solutions was studied. The photochemical reactions were monitored by TLC, UV/VIS absorption spectroscopy, high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), electronic ionization-mass spectrometry (EI-MS), UV-laser desorption/ionization-time(More)
β-Carbolines (βCs) are a group of alkaloids present in many plants and animals. It has been suggested that these alkaloids participate in a variety of significant photosensitized processes. Despite their well-established natural occurrence, the main biological role of these alkaloids and the mechanisms involved are, to date, poorly understood. In the(More)
Beta-carboline (betaC) alkaloids are present in a wide range of biological systems and play a variety of significant photodependent roles. In this work, a study of the aqueous solution-phase photochemistry, photophysics, and spectroscopy of three important betaCs [norharmane (nHo), harmane (Ho), and harmine (Ha)] and two betaC derivatives(More)
Lumazines are an important family of heterocyclic compounds present in biological systems as biosynthetic precursors and/or products of metabolic degradation. Upon UV irradiation, the specific compound called lumazine (pteridine-2,4(1,3H)-dione) is able to generate singlet oxygen (1O2), which is one of the main chemical species responsible for photodynamic(More)
Norharmane is a compound that belongs to a family of alkaloids called β-carbolines (βCs). These alkaloids are present in a wide range of biological systems, playing a variety of significant photo-dependent roles. Upon UV-A irradiation, βCs are able to act as efficient photosensitizers. In this work, we have investigated the photosensitized oxidation of(More)
UV-A radiation (320-400 nm) induces damages to the DNA molecule and its components through photosensitized reactions. Pterins, heterocyclic compounds widespread in biological systems, participate in relevant biological processes and are able to act as photosensitizers. We have investigated the photosensitization of 2'-deoxyadenosine-5'-monophosphate (dAMP)(More)
Pterins are heterocyclic compounds with important biological functions, and most of them may exist in two acid-base forms in the pH range between 3 and 13 in aqueous solution. In this work, the photophysical properties of acid and basic forms of six compounds of the pterin family (6-hydroxymethylpterin [HPT], 6-methylpterin [MPT], 6,7-dimethylpterin [DPT],(More)
Dihydrobiopterin (H(2)Bip) and its oxidized analogue, biopterin (Bip), accumulate in the skin of patients suffering from vitiligo, a chronic depigmentation disorder in which the protection against UV radiation fails. The photochemistry of H(2)Bip was studied in neutral aqueous solutions upon UV-A irradiation (320-400 nm) at room temperature. The(More)
UV-A radiation (320-400 nm) induces damages to the DNA molecule and its components through photosensitized reactions. Beta-carbolines (betaCs), heterocyclic compounds widespread in biological systems, participate in several biological processes and are able to act as photosensitizers. The photosensitization of plasmidic DNA by norharmane in aqueous solution(More)
Toxoplasmosis is a worldwide infection caused by the protozoan parasite Toxoplasma gondii, which causes chorioretinitis and neurological defects in congenitally infected newborns or immunodeficient patients. The efficacy of the current treatment is limited, primarily by serious host toxicity. In recent years, research has focused on the development of new(More)