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The photochemistry of norharmane (9H-pyrido[3,4-b]indole) in acidic (pH 5.0+/-0.1) and alkaline (pH 10.0+/-0.1) aqueous solutions was studied. The photochemical reactions were monitored by TLC, UV/VIS absorption spectroscopy, high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), electronic ionization-mass spectrometry (EI-MS), UV-laser desorption/ionization-time(More)
β-Carbolines (βCs) are a group of alkaloids present in many plants and animals. It has been suggested that these alkaloids participate in a variety of significant photosensitized processes. Despite their well-established natural occurrence, the main biological role of these alkaloids and the mechanisms involved are, to date, poorly understood. In the(More)
Beta-carboline (betaC) alkaloids are present in a wide range of biological systems and play a variety of significant photodependent roles. In this work, a study of the aqueous solution-phase photochemistry, photophysics, and spectroscopy of three important betaCs [norharmane (nHo), harmane (Ho), and harmine (Ha)] and two betaC derivatives(More)
Lumazines are an important family of heterocyclic compounds present in biological systems as biosynthetic precursors and/or products of metabolic degradation. Upon UV irradiation, the specific compound called lumazine (pteridine-2,4(1,3H)-dione) is able to generate singlet oxygen (1O2), which is one of the main chemical species responsible for photodynamic(More)
Norharmane is a compound that belongs to a family of alkaloids called β-carbolines (βCs). These alkaloids are present in a wide range of biological systems, playing a variety of significant photo-dependent roles. Upon UV-A irradiation, βCs are able to act as efficient photosensitizers. In this work, we have investigated the photosensitized oxidation of(More)
UV-A radiation (320-400 nm) induces damages to the DNA molecule and its components through photosensitized reactions. Beta-carbolines (betaCs), heterocyclic compounds widespread in biological systems, participate in several biological processes and are able to act as photosensitizers. The photosensitization of plasmidic DNA by norharmane in aqueous solution(More)
Toxoplasmosis is a worldwide infection caused by the protozoan parasite Toxoplasma gondii, which causes chorioretinitis and neurological defects in congenitally infected newborns or immunodeficient patients. The efficacy of the current treatment is limited, primarily by serious host toxicity. In recent years, research has focused on the development of new(More)
The present manuscript is a comment on the article entitled "Binding of alkaloid harmalol to DNA: Photophysical and calorimetric approach" by Sarita Sarkar and Kakali Bhadra (2014) [1]. In their article, the authors reported the chemical structure as well as the absorption spectra of harmalol at different pH. On the bases of the previous publications and(More)
UV-A radiation (320-400 nm) induces damage to the DNA molecule and its components through different photosensitized reactions. Among these processes, photosensitized oxidations may occur through electron transfer or hydrogen abstraction (type I) and/or the production of singlet molecular oxygen ((1)O2) (type II). Pterins, heterocyclic compounds widespread(More)
We constructed a predictive model of the total deactivation rate constant (k(t)) of singlet oxygen by heterocyclic compounds that are widespread in biological systems and participate in highly relevant biologic functions related with photochemical processes, by means of quantitative structure-property relationships (QSPR). The study of the reactivity of(More)