In a randomized controlled trial with acute simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV)-infected macaques, both highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) and HAART with fixed-schedule structured treatment interruption (STI-HAART; alternating 3 weeks on and 3 weeks off therapy) suppressed viral load. In the STI-HAART group, T cell virus-specific immune response… (More)
A fundamental step in the replication of retroviruses is the reverse transcription of the viral RNA genome into a double-stranded DNA provirus. Retroviruses are believed to carry genomic information only as RNA, and synthesis of DNA is thought to start only after virus entry into the infected cell. We report here that infectious mature human… (More)
Hydroxyurea, a drug widely used in therapy of several human diseases, inhibits deoxynucleotide synthesis--and, consequently, DNA synthesis--by blocking the cellular enzyme ribonucleotide reductase. Hydroxyurea inhibits human immunodeficiency virus-type 1 (HIV-1) DNA synthesis in activated peripheral blood lymphocytes by decreasing the amount of… (More)
During intrathymic T-cell ontogenesis, functionally competent CD3+CD4+CD8- and CD3+CD4-CD8+ T lymphocytes develop from immature CD4-CD8- thymocytes after transiently acquiring a double-positive CD4+CD8+ phenotype. The partition between CD4+CD8- and CD4-CD8+ T cells is generally considered to be irreversible, although a small percentage of circulating CD3+ T… (More)
Structured treatment interruptions progressively lowered the rate of viral rebound in some HIV-1 infected patients. This approach should be explored as an alternative to continuous antiretroviral therapies.
Current treatments for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) require uninterrupted drug administration because they are unable to reconstitute the immune response and do not affect the viral reservoir. Ten patients were treated during acute HIV infection before complete Western blot (WB) seroconversion with the combination of hydroxyurea, didanosine, and… (More)
BACKGROUND The GIHU004 study was designed to evaluate the safety and immunogenicity of three doses of DermaVir immunization in HIV-infected subjects on fully suppressive combination antiretroviral therapy (cART). METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS This first-in-human dose escalation study was conducted with three topical DermaVir doses targeted to epidermal… (More)
BACKGROUND During uncontrolled HIV disease, both TNF-related apoptosis inducing ligand (TRAIL) and TRAIL receptor expression are increased. Enhanced TRAIL sensitivity is due to TRAIL receptor up-regulation induced by gp120. As a result of successful antiretroviral therapy TRAIL is down-regulated, and there are fewer TRAIL-sensitive cells. In this setting,… (More)