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BACKGROUND Hashimoto's encephalopathy (HE) is a condition believed to complicate Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT). The diagnosis is suspected in the presence of high levels of serum anti-thyroid antibodies. We have recently demonstrated that in patients with HE there is an intrathecal synthesis of anti-thyroid antibodies, and concluded that the diagnosis of HE(More)
Antithyroid antibodies and circulating immune complexes (CIC) were found in the CSF of six patients with Hashimoto's encephalopathy (HE) but not in the CSF of 21 controls. The synthesis of autoantibodies and CIC was intrathecal and their titers were independent of the patients' clinical status or therapy. Their presence in the CSF of patients with acute or(More)
The neurological disorder associated with thyroid autoimmunity is an elusive disease that neurologists have learned to recognize in the last few years. The diagnosis is made, after excluding more common diseases, when neuropsychiatric symptoms develop in a patient with high serum concentrations of anti-thyroid antibodies. The clinical presentations of the(More)
Salivary lipids are important for the maintenance of oral cavity health. Elevated salivary lipid levels are associated with an increase of caries incidence, plaque development, calculus formation and periodontal disease. However, the regulation of lipid salivary levels is scarcely known. Cigarette smoke is considered a risk factor for oral cavity diseases.(More)
Tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) is an uncommon and potentially severe illness. TBE virus is transmitted to the humans by an infected tick and it spreads to the central nervous system determining various clinical pictures. A case in which TBE virus caused an encephalomyelitis with quadriplegia and respiratory insufficiency that persist one year after the(More)
To identify the target of IgG autoimmune response in Hashimoto's encephalopathy (HE), we studied the binding of IgG present in serum and cerebro-spinal fluid (CSF) from six patients with HE and 15 controls to human central nervous system (CNS) white matter antigens by 2D-PAGE and immunoblotting and by immunohistochemistry. We found that CSF IgG from HE(More)
OBJECTIVES To report and discuss the neuropsychological deficits and neuroimaging findings in a patient with probable Marchiafava-Bignami disease. DESIGN AND METHOD A right-handed woman with chronic alcoholism demonstrated mutism, impaired comprehension of spoken language, alexia, and right-handed agraphia. The syndrome of interhemispheric disconnection(More)
This paper reports the results of recordings and maps of event-related potentials (ERPs) obtained in normal subjects, patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD), progressive supranuclear palsy, confusional states, and in subjects with homonymous hemianopsia. ERPs were recorded from 19 scalp electrode derivations using both visual and acoustic paradigms. In(More)
Several studies have investigated the frequency of epileptic seizures following ischemic strokes and transient ischemic attacks (TIAs). Little attention has been paid to the possibility that seizures may be precipitated by TIAs. We examined if seizures can be the only symptom of a TIA and how often this might occur. We performed a retrospective analysis of(More)
Delayed P3 ERPs were recorded with an acoustic oddball paradigm in 5 patients affected by unilateral thalamic hemorrhage. P3 latencies in these 5 patients were above the normal mean latency of age-matched controls +2/+3 S.D.s. The P3 delay was persistent in serial follow-ups at 6 months from stroke. Normal P3 latencies were instead recorded in 4 patients(More)