Franco Cavallo

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Self rated health, in adult population, is strongly associated with mortality and life expectancy. In younger people this association is less evident, but it may anticipate a similar risk in adult life. Our research, based on the HBSC (Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children) International collaboration, contributes to deepen the knowledge in this field by(More)
To examine cross-cultural differences in the prevalence of school children's subjective health types and the pattern of socio-demographic and socio-economic differences. Within the cross-sectional Health Behaviour in Schoolaged Children 2005/2006 Survey 200,000 school children aged 11, 13 and 15 answered a general health item, the Cantrill life satisfaction(More)
CONTEXT Hypoxemia complicates the recovery of 30% to 50% of patients after abdominal surgery; endotracheal intubation and mechanical ventilation may be required in 8% to 10% of cases, increasing morbidity and mortality and prolonging intensive care unit and hospital stay. OBJECTIVE To determine the effectiveness of continuous positive airway pressure(More)
OBJECTIVE To study time course changes in knowledge, problem solving ability, and quality of life in patients with type 2 diabetes managed by group compared with individual care and education. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS We conducted a 5-year randomized controlled clinical trial of continuing systemic education delivered by group versus individual(More)
BACKGROUND Social networks have been recognised as an important factor for enhancing the health of people and communities. Bridging social capital, characterised by numerous and varied weak ties, exemplifies a particular type of network that can help people reach their goals and improve their health. This study seeks to contribute to the evidence base on(More)
Aims/hypothesis. Metabolic control worsens progressively in Type II (non-insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus despite intensified pharmacological treatment and lifestyle intervention, when these are implemented on a one-to-one basis. We compared traditional individual diabetes care with a model in which routine follow-up is managed by interactive group(More)
AIMS The locus of control theory distinguishes people (internals) who attribute events in life to their own control, and those (externals) who attribute events to external circumstances. It is used to assess self-management behaviour in chronic illnesses. Group care is a model of systemic group education that improves lifestyle behaviour and quality of life(More)
This study investigated the relationship between atmospheric pollution and emergency hospital admission for asthma among children resident in Turin in the period 1997-1999, using a case-control design. On the basis of the primary diagnosis, pediatric patients (< 15 years old) resident in Turin and admitted for asthma were defined as cases (n(1) = 1,060);(More)
In the analysis of risk factors in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), few ecological studies, based on the relationship between the distribution of the patients in a given area and the environmental exposures, have been performed. The aim of our study was to depict the spatial risk distribution of ALS in Piedmont's resident population during the period(More)
Most guidelines recommend annual screening for diabetic retinopathy (DR) but limited resources and the slow progression of DR suggest that longer recall intervals should be considered if patients have no detectable lesions. This study aimed to identify the cumulative incidence and time of development of referable DR in patients with no DR at baseline,(More)