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Hedgehog (Hh) and transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) family members are involved in numerous overlapping processes during embryonic development, hair cycle, and cancer. Herein, we show that TGF-beta induces the expression of the Hh signaling molecules Gli1 and Gli2 in various human cell types, including normal fibroblasts and keratinocytes, as well(More)
Despite major advances in the understanding of the intimate mechanisms of transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) signaling through the Smad pathway, little progress has been made in the identification of direct target genes. In this report, using cDNA microarrays, we have focussed our attention on the characterization of extracellular matrix-related(More)
Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta), a prototype of multifunctional cytokine, is a key regulator of extracellular matrix (ECM) assembly and remodeling. Specifically, TGF-beta isoforms have the ability to induce the expression of ECM proteins in mesenchymal cells, and to stimulate the production of protease inhibitors that prevent enzymatic breakdown(More)
GLI2 (GLI-Kruppel family member 2), a zinc finger transcription factor that mediates Hedgehog signaling, is implicated in the progression of an ever-growing number of human malignancies, including prostate and pancreatic cancer, as well as basal cell carcinoma of the skin. Its expression is up-regulated by transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) in a(More)
Gap junction channels provide a cell-to-cell conduction pathway for direct exchange of ions and small molecules. The intercellular diffusion of a fluorescent dye, quantified in cardiac myocytes from neonatal rats by monitoring the fluorescence recovery after photobleaching, was found to be interrupted after short-term exposure (15 min) to tamoxifen, an(More)
The present pilot study aims to evaluate the frequency and the function of regulatory T (Treg) cells in patients with diffuse cutaneous SSc (dcSSc) before and after autologous hematopoietic SCT (aHSCT). Peripheral blood lymphocytes from seven dcSSc patients were analyzed before and 24 months after aHSCT and were compared with those from seven healthy donors(More)
Members of the TGF-beta family of growth factors signal from the cell surface through serine/threonine kinase receptors. Intracellular propagation of the signal occurs by phosphorylation of intracellular proteins of the Smad family. Smad7 belongs to the subclass of inhibitory Smads that function as antagonists of TGF-beta signaling. A yeast two-hybrid(More)
Transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta represents a prototype of multifunctional cytokine. Its broad activities include, among others, context-specific inhibition or stimulation of cell proliferation, control of extracellular matrix (ECM) synthesis and degradation, control of mesenchymal-epithelial interactions during embryogenesis, mediation of cell and(More)
We used both a gene knockout approach and pharmacologic modulation to study the implication of the JNK pathway in regulating fibroblast motility, capacity to contract mechanically unloaded collagen gels, and type I collagen gene expression in vitro. These parameters, which are important for tissue repair, are positively regulated by transforming growth(More)