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The human anterior cingulate cortex (ACC), which is active during conflict-monitoring tasks, is thought to participate with prefrontal cortices in a distributed network for conscious self-regulation. This hypothesis predicts that conflict-related ACC activation should occur only when the conflicting stimuli are consciously perceived. To dissociate conflict(More)
Attentional and executive impairments have been found both in patients with schizophrenia and in their unaffected first-degree relatives, suggesting that they might be considered as familial vulnerability markers. Several studies have shown that the performance of bipolar patients does not significantly differ from that of schizophrenic patients, so that(More)
Abnormal dopaminergic function in the prefrontal cortex (PFC) may be a key factor in the etiopathogeny of schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. Both schizophrenic and bipolar subjects have executive functions (EF) deficits, thought to reflect abnormal PFC function. The main inactivation pathways for dopamine in the PFC are enzymatic cleavage by the(More)
OBJECTIVE To test if specific correlations exist between cognitive measures and psychotic dimensions in schizophrenic subjects and if similar correlations, between cognition and schizotypal dimensions, are present in non-psychotic subjects. METHODS We administered the same battery of cognitive tests (Source Monitoring, Verbal Fluency [VF] and Stroop(More)
BACKGROUND Although catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) has long been suggested to be implicated in the pathogenesis of schizophrenia, association studies have generated discrepant results concerning the involvement of the COMT gene in schizophrenia. As several studies have suggested that schizotypal traits might be genetically related to schizophrenia,(More)
Epidemiological and genetic data support the notion that schizophrenia and bipolar disorder share genetic risk factors. In our previous genome-wide association study, meta-analysis and follow-up (totaling as many as 18 206 cases and 42 536 controls), we identified four loci showing genome-wide significant association with schizophrenia. Here we consider a(More)
OBJECTIVE Abdominal obesity was suggested to be a better predictor than Metabolic Syndrome (MetS) for cardiovascular mortality, however this is has not been extensively studied in schizophrenia. Hyperuricemia (HU) was also suggested to be both an independent risk factor for greater somatic comorbidity and a global metabolic stress marker in patients with(More)
BACKGROUND Executive dysfunctions in relatives of schizophrenic patients may be trait markers of genetic liability and thus help us to elucidate the aetiology of schizophrenia. As a large amount of data has been published, a synthesis through a meta-analysis was needed to demonstrate the existence of executive impairments in relatives of schizophrenic(More)
BACKGROUND A wide range of cognitive deficits have been demonstrated in schizophrenia, but their longitudinal course remains unclear. AIMS To bring together all the available information from longitudinal studies of cognitive performance in people with schizophrenia. METHOD We carried out a meta-analysis of 53 studies. Unlike previous reviewers, we(More)