Franck Letourneur

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Dilysine motifs in cytoplasmic domains of transmembrane proteins are signals for their continuous retrieval from the Golgi back to the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). We describe a system to assess retrieval to the ER in yeast cells making use of a dilysine-tagged Ste2 protein. Whereas retrieval was unaffected in most sec mutants tested (sec7, sec12, sec13,(More)
To identify the molecular mechanisms involved in phagocytosis, we generated random insertion mutants of Dictyostelium discoideum and selected two mutants defective for phagocytosis. Both represented insertions in the same gene, named PHG1. This gene encodes a polytopic membrane protein with an N-terminal lumenal domain and nine potential transmembrane(More)
Although signals for retention in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) have been identified in the cytoplasmic domain of various ER-resident type I transmembrane proteins, the mechanisms responsible for ER retention are still unknown. Yeast and mammalian ER retention motifs interacted specifically in cell lysates with the coatomer, a polypeptide complex(More)
Ra1A and Ra1B are GTPases of unknown function and are activated by proteins, Ra1GDS, that interact with the active form of another GTPase, Ras. To elucidate Ral function, we have searched for proteins interacting with an activated form of Ra1A using the two-hybrid method and a Jurkat cell library. We have identified a partial cDNA encoding a protein, RLIP1,(More)
The origin of Plasmodium falciparum, the etiological agent of the most dangerous forms of human malaria, remains controversial. Although investigations of homologous parasites in African Apes are crucial to resolve this issue, studies have been restricted to a chimpanzee parasite related to P. falciparum, P. reichenowi, for which a single isolate was(More)
Plasmodium vivax is the second most prevalent malaria parasite affecting more than 75 million people each year, mostly in South America and Asia. In addition to major morbidity this parasite is associated with relapses and a reduction in birthweight. The emergence and spread of drug resistance in Plasmodium falciparum is a major factor in the resurgence of(More)
Mutations in the dihydrofolate reductase (dhfr) genes of Plasmodium falciparum and P. vivax are associated with resistance to the antifolate antimalarial drugs. P. vivax dhfr sequences were obtained from 55 P. vivax isolates (isolates Belem and Sal 1, which are established lines originating from Latin America, and isolates from patient samples from Thailand(More)
To study sorting in the endocytic pathway of a phagocytic and macropinocytic cell, monoclonal antibodies to membrane proteins of Dictyostelium discoideum were generated. Whereas the p25 protein was localized to the cell surface, p80 was mostly present in intracellular endocytic compartments as observed by immunofluorescence as well as immunoelectron(More)
Gene expression analysis of target organs might help provide new insights into the pathogenesis of autoimmune diseases. We used global gene expression profiling of minor salivary glands to identify patterns of gene expression in patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS), a common and prototypic systemic autoimmune disease. Gene expression analysis(More)
Mutations of CIAS1 have recently been shown to underlie familial cold urticaria (FCU) and Muckle-Wells syndrome (MWS), in three families and one family, respectively. These rare autosomal dominant diseases are both characterized by recurrent inflammatory crises that start in childhood and that are generally associated with fever, arthralgia, and urticaria.(More)