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To identify the molecular mechanisms involved in phagocytosis, we generated random insertion mutants of Dictyostelium discoideum and selected two mutants defective for phagocytosis. Both represented insertions in the same gene, named PHG1. This gene encodes a polytopic membrane protein with an N-terminal lumenal domain and nine potential transmembrane(More)
Although signals for retention in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) have been identified in the cytoplasmic domain of various ER-resident type I transmembrane proteins, the mechanisms responsible for ER retention are still unknown. Yeast and mammalian ER retention motifs interacted specifically in cell lysates with the coatomer, a polypeptide complex(More)
Dilysine motifs in cytoplasmic domains of transmembrane proteins are signals for their continuous retrieval from the Golgi back to the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). We describe a system to assess retrieval to the ER in yeast cells making use of a dilysine-tagged Ste2 protein. Whereas retrieval was unaffected in most sec mutants tested (sec7, sec12, sec13,(More)
To study sorting in the endocytic pathway of a phagocytic and macropinocytic cell, monoclonal antibodies to membrane proteins of Dictyostelium discoideum were generated. Whereas the p25 protein was localized to the cell surface, p80 was mostly present in intracellular endocytic compartments as observed by immunofluorescence as well as immunoelectron(More)
Ra1A and Ra1B are GTPases of unknown function and are activated by proteins, Ra1GDS, that interact with the active form of another GTPase, Ras. To elucidate Ral function, we have searched for proteins interacting with an activated form of Ra1A using the two-hybrid method and a Jurkat cell library. We have identified a partial cDNA encoding a protein, RLIP1,(More)
Coatomer-coated vesicles have been proposed to play a role in many distinct steps of intracellular transport. Coatomer potentially plays a role in forward transport from the endoplasmic reticulum to the Golgi apparatus and through the Golgi apparatus. It may also function in retrograde transport and in the endocytic pathway. There are limitations to the(More)
Gene expression analysis of target organs might help provide new insights into the pathogenesis of autoimmune diseases. We used global gene expression profiling of minor salivary glands to identify patterns of gene expression in patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS), a common and prototypic systemic autoimmune disease. Gene expression analysis(More)
Plasmodium vivax is the second most prevalent malaria parasite affecting more than 75 million people each year, mostly in South America and Asia. In addition to major morbidity this parasite is associated with relapses and a reduction in birthweight. The emergence and spread of drug resistance in Plasmodium falciparum is a major factor in the resurgence of(More)
BACKGROUND Assisted Reproductive Technologies (ART) are increasingly used in humans; however, their impact is now questioned. At blastocyst stage, the trophectoderm is directly in contact with an artificial medium environment, which can impact placental development. This study was designed to carry out an in-depth analysis of the placental transcriptome(More)
Intestinal epithelium has the capacity to self-renew and generate differentiated cells through the existence of two types of epithelial stem cells: active crypt base columnar cells (CBCs) and quiescent +4 cells. The behaviors of these cells are regulated both by intrinsic programs and by extrinsic signals sent by neighboring cells, which define the niche.(More)