Franck Escalettes

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We previously showed that biotin synthase in which the (Fe-S) cluster was labelled with 34S by reconstitution donates 34S to biotin [B. Tse Sum Bui, D. Florentin, F. Fournier, O. Ploux, A. Méjean & A. Marquet (1998) FEBS Lett. 440, 226-230]. We therefore proposed that the source of sulfur was very likely the (Fe-S) centre. This depletion of sulfur from the(More)
Biotin synthase, a member of the "radical-SAM" family, produces biotin by inserting a sulfur atom between C-6 and C-9 of dethiobiotin. Each of the two saturated carbon atoms is activated through homolytic cleavage of a C-H bond by a deoxyadenosyl radical, issued from the monoelectronic reduction of S-adenosylmethionine (SAM or AdoMet). An important(More)
Biotin synthase, a member of the 'radical SAM' (S-adenosylmethionine) family, converts DTB (dethiobiotin) into biotin. The active form of the Escherichia coli enzyme contains two (Fe-S) centres, a (4Fe-4S) and a (2Fe-2S). The (4Fe-4S)2+/+ mediates the electron transfer required for the reductive cleavage of SAM into methionine and a DOA* (deoxyadenosyl(More)
Whole-genome shotgun metagenomics experiments produce DNA sequence data from entire ecosystems, and provide a huge amount of novel information. Gene discovery projects require up-to-date information about sequence homology and domain structure for millions of predicted proteins to be presented in a simple, easy-to-use system. There is a lack of simple,(More)
Branched chain aminotransferase (BCAT) is one of the enzymatic tools of choice for the production of chiral amines or amino acids; especially, non-natural amino acids are of interest as building blocks for the pharmaceutical industry. The expression and subsequent secretion of BCAT counteracts limited cell permeability of target substrates and facilitates(More)
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