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Pathogenic variants in the glucocerebrosidase gene (GBA) encoding the enzyme deficient in Gaucher's disease (GD) are associated with Parkinson's disease (PD). To investigate the sequence variants, their association with PD and the related phenotypes in a large cohort of European, mostly French, patients and controls, we sequenced all exons of GBA in 786 PD(More)
PURPOSE To study changes of iron content in basal ganglia in Parkinson's disease (PD) through a three-year longitudinal follow-up of the effective transverse relaxation rate R2*, a validated MRI marker of brain iron content which can be rapidly measured under clinical conditions. METHODS Twenty-seven PD patients and 26 controls were investigated by a(More)
The common perception that Parkinson's disease patients tend to be depressed, anxious, apathetic and harm-avoiding has currently been challenged by the recognition that they can also exhibit a hedonistic, novelty-seeking personality. Thus, Parkinson's disease patients may indulge in their passions in an irresponsible and disinhibited manner, and engage in(More)
Autosomal dominant DOPA-responsive dystonia (DRD) is usually caused by mutation in the gene encoding guanosine triphosphate-cyclohydrolase I (GTPCH I). We studied 22 families with a phenotype of levodopa-responsive dystonia by sequencing the six coding exons, the 5'-untranslated region and the exon-intron boundaries of the GTPCH I gene. Eleven heterozygous(More)
Chronic bilateral subthalamic stimulation leads to a spectacular clinical improvement in patients with motor complications. However, the post-operative body weight gain involved may limit the benefits of surgery and induce critical metabolic disorders. Twenty-four Parkinsonians (61.1 +/- 1.4 years) were examined 1 month before (M - 1) and 3 months after (M(More)
To assess the long-term follow-up of the globus pallidus internus (GPi) stimulation, six patients were evaluated every year by using the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS). Three years postoperatively, GPi stimulation led to a significant improvement of dyskinesia severity (50%, P = 0.05) and activities of daily living (subscore of quality of(More)
BACKGROUND Mutations in the parkin gene cause autosomal recessive early-onset parkinsonism. The effect of single heterozygous mutations in parkin is still unclear. The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency of exonic parkin variants in a case-control study. METHODS The parkin gene was screened for both point mutations and exon rearrangements in(More)
The subthalamic nucleus (STN) is the main target of deep brain stimulation (DBS) treatment for severe idiopathic Parkinson's disease. But there is still no clear information on the location of the effective contacts (used during the chronic phase of stimulation). Our aim was to assess the anatomical structures of the subthalamic area (STA) involved during(More)
INTRODUCTION The severe, cortical, cholinergic depletion accompanying Parkinson's disease (PD) is considered as a highly probable correlate of cognitive and behavioural dysfunction. Recent studies have demonstrated that cholinesterase inhibitors (notably rivastigmine) are beneficial in patients suffering from dementia associated with PD (PDD). However, the(More)
Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is a neurosurgical technique that has now been available for some 25 years. It is used in the treatment of various motor disorders, e.g. Parkinson's disease (PD), essential tremor and dystonia, and neuropsychiatric illnesses, e.g. obsessive-compulsive disorder and Tourette syndrome. The surgical targets of DBS include the(More)