Franck Carbonnel

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BACKGROUND The Vienna classification of Crohn's disease (CD) distinguishes three patient subgroups according to disease behavior: stricturing, penetrating, and inflammatory. Our aim was to assess the long-term evolution of the disease behavior of CD and to determine the predictive factors and prognostic implications of this evolution. METHODS Occurrence(More)
Antibodies targeting CTLA-4 have been successfully used as cancer immunotherapy. We find that the antitumor effects of CTLA-4 blockade depend on distinct Bacteroides species. In mice and patients, T cell responses specific for B. thetaiotaomicron or B. fragilis were associated with the efficacy of CTLA-4 blockade. Tumors in antibiotic-treated or germ-free(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Early endoscopic recurrence is frequent after intestinal resection for Crohn's disease. Bacteria are involved, and probiotics may modulate immune responses to the intestinal flora. Here we tested the probiotic strain Lactobacillus johnsonii LA1 in this setting. PATIENTS AND METHODS This was a randomised, double blind, placebo(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Obesity is unusual in Crohn's disease and the particularities of the disease in obese patients have not been studied. METHODS 2065 patients were studied retrospectively. Obesity was defined by a BMI value >25.0 at disease onset and >30.0 at any time during the course of the disease. Disease characteristics, therapeutic needs, and(More)
OBJECTIVES:Diet composition has long been suspected to contribute to inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), but has not been thoroughly assessed, and has been assessed only in retrospective studies that are prone to recall bias. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the role of dietary macronutrients in the etiology of IBD in a large prospective(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS In Crohn's disease, smoking increases the risk for surgical procedures. The influence of smoking on the overall severity of the disease remains controversial. The purpose of the study was to examine the effects of smoking on the long-term course of Crohn's disease and the relationship between smoking and therapy. METHODS The medical(More)
Cancer immunotherapy is coming of age; it has prompted a paradigm shift in oncology, in which therapeutic agents are used to target immune cells rather than cancer cells. The first generation of new immunotherapies corresponds to antagonistic antibodies that block specific immune checkpoint molecules cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated antigen 4 (CTLA-4),(More)
BACKGROUND Data concerning small bowel adenocarcinoma (SBA) in Crohn's disease (CD) come from case reports and small retrospective series. The aim of this study was to further describe SBA in patients with CD and compare it with SBA de novo. METHODS Twenty patients with CD with SBA recruited in French university hospitals were studied and compared with 40(More)
BACKGROUND Recently, a new enteropathy has been described: olmesartan-associated enteropathy. However, the association has been questioned: a phase 3 trial and a cohort study found no association between gastrointestinal events and olmesartan. AIM To collect French cases of sartan-associated enteropathy to describe further this entity, confirm or refute(More)
Monoclonal antibodies targeted against the immune checkpoint molecules CTLA-4 and PD-1 have recently obtained approval for the treatment of metastatic melanoma and advanced/refractory non small-cell lung cancers. Therefore, their use will not be limited anymore to selected hospitals involved in clinical trials. Indeed, they will be routinely prescribed in(More)