Franck Borgese

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The sigma-1 receptor (Sig1R) is up-regulated in many human tumors and plays a role in the control of cancer cell proliferation and invasiveness. At the molecular level, the Sig1R modulates the activity of various ion channels, apparently through a direct interaction. We have previously shown using atomic force microscopy imaging that the Sig1R binds to the(More)
It has previously been shown that addition of catecholamines to a suspension of trout erythrocytes induces an enlargement of the cells owing to an uptake of NaCl mediated by a cAMP-dependent, amiloride-sensitive Na+/H+ exchange. In this article, we show that the change in cell volume induced by catecholamines is much greater when the erythrocytes are(More)
The trout red blood cell Na+/H+ antiporter (beta NHE) plays two interesting properties: it is the only NHE own to be activated by cyclic AMP, and the activation process is followed by a desensitisation of the transport system itself. Cloning and expression of beta NHE have provided inificant information about Na+/H+ activation, in particular that activation(More)
Originally mistaken as an opioid receptor, the sigma-1 receptor (Sig1R) is a ubiquitous membrane protein that has been involved in many cellular processes. While the precise function of Sig1R has long remained mysterious, recent studies have shed light on its role and the molecular mechanisms triggered. Sig1R is in fact a stress-activated chaperone mainly(More)
The erythrocytes of the trout, Salmo gairdneri, react to beta-adrenergic stimulation by activating a cyclic AMP-dependent and amiloride-sensitive Na+/H+ antiporter (see Borgese, F., F. Garcia-Romeu, and R. Motais, Journal of General Physiology, 1986, 87:551-566). The present study traces the kinetic behavior of the unidirectional Na fluxes after stimulation(More)
SLC26 family members are anionic transporters involved in Cl(-) and HCO(3)(-) absorption or secretion in epithelia. SLC26A9, preferentially expressed in the lung, is a poorly characterized member of this family. In this study, we investigated the transport properties of human SLC26A9 to determine its functional and pharmacological characteristics. SLC26A9(More)
It was previously shown that expressed in Xenopus oocyte the trout (tAE1) and the mouse (mAE1) anion exchangers behave differently: both elicit anion exchange activity but only tAE1 induces a transport of organic solutes correlated with an anion conductance. In order to identify the structural domains involved in the induction of tAE1 channel activity,(More)
Anion exchanger 1 (AE1) is encoded by SLC4A1 and mediates electroneutral anion exchange across cell membranes. It is the most abundant protein in the red cell membrane, but it is also found in the basolateral membrane of renal alpha-intercalated cells, where it is required for normal urinary acidification. Recently, four point mutations in red cell AE1 have(More)
Expression of trout anion exchanger 1 (tAE1) in Xenopus oocyte led to the stimulation of a Na(+)- and Cl(-)-dependent Rb influx. Functional features and pharmacological data strongly suggest that this Rb influx is mediated by the endogenous Na-K-2Cl (NKCC) co-transporter. The functional relationship between expression of tAE1 and activation of the NKCC(More)
Previous results suggested that specific point mutations in human anion exchanger 1 (AE1) convert the electroneutral anion exchanger into a monovalent cation conductance. In the present study, the transport site for anion exchange and for the cation leak has been studied by cysteine scanning mutagenesis and sulfhydryl reagent chemistry. Moreover, the role(More)