Franck Berger

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Infection is a major complication associated with combat-related injuries. Beside immobilization, wound irrigation, surgical debridement and delayed coverage, post-injury antimicrobials contribute to reduce combat-related infections, particularly those caused by bacteria of the early contamination flora. In modern warfare, bacteria involved in(More)
PURPOSE To compare low-dose protocols using either reduction of the tension (kV) or reduction of the intensity (mAs) at abdominal CT imaging, with reference to image quality. MATERIALS AND METHODS Fifty adult patients, weighing less than 55 kg, were prospectively included among patients referred for abdominal CT examination when the protocol required a(More)
A three-year retrospective analysis of fungi isolated from specimens of patients with superficial fungal infections in French Guiana is presented. Clinical samples from 726 patients with presumptive diagnoses of onychomycosis (28.2% of the patients), tinea capitis (27.8%), superficial cutaneous mycoses of the feet (22.0%), and of other areas of the body(More)
INTRODUCTION Pertussis (whooping cough) is a toxic bacterial infection caused mainly by Bordetella pertussis. In mid-January 2006, several cases of pertussis were diagnosed in a military boarding-school. An investigation was carried out at the end of January to identify the risk factors for infection and to evaluate the efficacy of vaccination. SUBJECTS(More)
BACKGROUND According to entomological studies conducted over the past 30 years, there was low malaria transmission in suburb of Dakar but little evidence of it in the downtown area. However; there was some evidence of local transmission based on reports of malaria among permanent residents. An entomological evaluation of malaria transmission was conducted(More)
BACKGROUND Congenital toxoplasmosis may affect any organ, produce severe complications such as hydrocephalus and lead to ocular lesions which can appear late after birth. Fetal outcome can be fatal. During pregnancy, the mother can become infected, particularly by eating undercooked meat or poorly washed raw fruits and vegetables. In France, prevention of(More)
An Antopol-Goldman lesion or subepithelial pelvic hematoma of the kidney is a rare cause of hematuria. We described a 26 year-old man hospitalized for macroscopic hematuria associated with a subepithelial hematoma whose development might have been favored by arterial hypertension secondary to a renal artery stenosis.
BACKGROUND Care for malaria patients in endemic areas has been improved through the increasing use of Rapid Diagnostic Tests (RDTs). Most RDTs target the histidine-rich protein-2 antigen (PfHRP2) to detect P. falciparum, as it is abundant and shows great heat stability. However, their use in South America has been widely questioned following a recent(More)
BACKGROUND An outbreak of cutaneous leishmaniasis occurred among 71 soldiers who had participated in various missions during a 4-month's period in French Guiana. The aims of this study were (i) to describe outbreak and (ii) to determine risk factors of cutaneous leishmaniasis. METHODS All patients were hospitalised. Cutaneous lesions were biopsied and(More)
Analysis of the evolution of drug target genes under changing drug policy is needed to assist monitoring of Plasmodium falciparum drug resistance in the field. Here we genotype Pfcrt and Pfdmr1 of 700 isolates collected in French Guiana from 2000 (5 years after withdrawal of chloroquine) to 2008, i.e., the period when the artemether-lumefantrine combination(More)